About the Journal

AI & Robotics is a journal that pursues interdisciplinary research in the Fourth Industrial Revolution. The AI & Robotics sector has emerged as an area of international politics. It continues to evolve as social demands for artificial intelligence (AI), IoT(Internet of Things), and big data, which are the core areas of the fourth industrial revolution. Especially, as AI’s big data process and military utilization increase, AI and Robotics fields are becoming key areas to foster for national security. The International Journal of AI & Robotics explores human welfare through an interdisciplinary approach.

Academic Area & Scope

Area 2 Robotics
Area 3 Multidisciplinary Sciences

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  • Purpose: In modern society, the increase of the elderly population has become an important issue for every country. It is true that there is a difference in degree, but restrictions on physical activity in the elderly, deterioration of health, loneliness, economic poverty, and loss of social roles are challenges that we must continue to cope with. This study was conducted to find out what direction the use of AI and countermeasure strategies for the elderly should go in the face of a super-aging society. Method: To achieve this goal, this study investigated the online data of the Korean National Statistical Office's social survey, and confirmed the elderly issues in the age of super-aging by referring to the policy report on the increase of the elderly population and the diversification of social service needs, which was investigated by the Seoul Institute. Also, by identifying 30 academic research articles related to the elderly and AI provided by Korea Education & Research Information Service(KERIS), the contents judged to be consistent with the contents of this study were considered and used for analysis. Results: In the field of medical care for the elderly using AI, it could be seen as a process of changing the medical paradigm from disease diagnosis and cure centered to personalized care. In addition, the application of AI-based voice recognition system in the daily life of the elderly overcomes the vulnerability of the ability to use information technology, and can be a way to resolve the information imbalance by providing knowledge and information. However, it was confirmed that the reason for the low level of digital information among the elderly was limited and unfamiliar with adopting new technologies. Therefore, it is the time when new skill acquisition education is universally and easily required to improve the quality of life of the elderly. In particular, the protection measures related to the collection and use of personal information related to big data for the use of AI are as important as the use of AI, and should be carefully reviewed. Conclusion: This study was an opportunity to confirm that AI can be appropriately applied to various issues caused by the increase of the elderly population in the modern society facing a rapid aging. In the future, the utilization of AI is expected to expand further to public support services for the elderly.
    Keyword:Super-Aging, AI, Elderly, Medical Care, AI-Based Voice Recognition System
  • Purpose: As the times change, the teaching and learning environment naturally changes. The recent “COVID-19” situation facing the world has brought many changes to the educational environment in Korea. By the way, there are a lot of social things out there. Therefore, this paper proposes the core competence of professors who will flexibly conduct innovative teaching methods even in crisis situations. Method: This study analyzed thesis data applying the innovative teaching method from 2010. In addition, a literature study was conducted to collect public education and higher education materials to derive instructor competency in the untact era. Results: Instructor competency for innovative teaching methods in the untact era was derived as follows. First, the instructor should pay attention to prescribing the optimal course of study in order to derive the learning outcomes that the learner expects. In particular, as the 21st century enters, instructional design skills using ICT are required because teaching methods become diverse. Therefore, above all, instructors should have systematic instructional design skills and establish instructional strategies accordingly. Second, because non-face-to-face classes are activated with 'COVID-19', learning curation skills are required to develop class contents and operate e-learning. Since Korea has a smooth internet environment, various attempts are possible. There is a need for digital literacy to develop high-quality educational materials by developing and modifying various instructional contents necessary for teaching and learning. Third, in the 21st century, creativity is important, so rather than teaching students simple knowledge, we need to help them form their own knowledge. Therefore, the role of instructors should be coached to discover the potential of students through key questions. Conclusion: In order to carry out a good education, various abilities of the instructor are required. In particular, when a special situation such as “COVID-19” is encountered, the instructor's ability to perform flexible teaching and learning has a great influence on learners. Therefore, in order to cultivate creative talents of the 21st century, it is very important to develop teacher competency.
    Keyword:Untact Learning, Teaching and Learning Method, Flipped Learning, Instructor Competency, Digital Literacy
  • Purpose: The key keywords of this era are “leadership”, “communication” and “empathy”. Even in the field of education, in order for professors and students to exert leadership and followership together, an education in which communication and empathy are harmonized, but it can be understood and practiced as a true education. In our educational field, we are trying various teaching methods that can breathe with the students, but we are still facing difficulties in that the creativity of students is limited due to the progress of evaluation for measuring performance. So, this study aims to examine the implications of applying emotional coaching and integrated art therapy teaching methods that can stimulate students' minds in the AI era to leadership education of police, military, and fire-fighting officials. Method: This study analyzed the contents of the FGI interview with the students after applying emotional coaching and integrated art therapy education method to 250 students who participated in leadership education related to police, military, and fire- fighting officials for 8 months from March 1 to November 30 in 2019. In the future, education that this era aims for should be changed from 'knowing' to 'can' mind that can be practiced based on solid basic knowledge and converted into education that can move on its own. So, what is the teaching method that makes students have a strong will to actively practice? This study is to examine that emotional coaching and integrated art therapy are teaching methods that capture students' minds. Results: The effects of the emotional coaching and integrated art therapy teaching method can be seen as three main factors. First, it helps students develop and stabilize their emotions by expressing their emotions in a comfortable quarter. In other words, while the integrated art activities express not only pleasant feelings but also unpleasant and unspeakable feelings and thoughts such as psychologically suppressed fear, anger, and jealousy through the medium of art, music, movement, and theater in a safe space of the education center, the students can get the opportunity to listen to their inner sound. Second, students learn naturally the ability to control their body. Third, in the field of education, students can actively help communication skills, that is, they will develop language and nonverbal communication methods in art activities. Considering the three effects of integrated art therapy and emotional coaching teaching method it can be helpful to maximize the effectiveness of education by applying integrated art therapy techniques to enable students to listen to their own inner sounds. Conclusion: The integrated art therapy based on emotional coaching showed that the Warm Up time to listen to the students' actual mind is the most effective time. At this time, it was found that the effect of education differed greatly depending on how interested the instructor is in observing the students. The reason why I try this teaching method is that I can make students recognize the importance of self-existence value and this can be expressed as pride. This enhanced self-esteem of students is more brilliant when they go to the organization.
    Keyword:Coaching, Emotional Coaching, Integrated Art Therapy, Teaching Method, AI Era
  • Purpose: With the advent of the 4th Industrial Revolution, the importance of AI is being emphasized. AI which is developed to improve the quality of human life will also need ethics that its developers, producers and users must follow. The Purpose of this paper is to showing the super-aged multiculturalism in South Korea and the necessity of wearable AI equipment ethics. Together with this, it is approached to deal with current social situation and trends of social change in this paper. Method: This paper focuses on the fact that human being is facing the super-aged and culturally-diverse society, and an era before and after COVID-19. In this regard, this paper tried to establish AI ethics calls for a discourse on super-aged society, multicultural society, the 4th industrial revolution(4IR), and the untact society. And review the achievement of some comparative research including Europe, the U.S., and China’s announced AI ethics guidelines which encourages the development and production of AI. Results: AI is no longer just a passive robot. They are closely related to humans and continue to evolve as they develop each other. Many countries give strong emphasis on the values such as transparency, dignity and diversity on the production of AI. However, the AI ethics has not fixed to focus on specific identity. AI, developed to improve the overall quality of human life, requires a common ethics that its developers, producers and users must follow. Conclusion: AI ethics based on the trend of aged society and diversity should be focused on: First, it should be the ethic of data science-based management where theory and practice converge. Second, it should be an ethic of exchange and coexistence to solve the problems that mankind are jointly facing, such as UNESCO’s Sustainable Development Goals(SDGs) 17. Third, it should be super-convergence wearable AI ethics as wearable technology is progressing.
    Keyword:4th Industrial Revolution, Untact Society, Sustainable Development Goals(SDGs), Wearable AI Ethics, Wearable Technology
  • Purpose: The Purpose of this paper is to ensuring AI ethics in view of the privacy rights. With the development of science and technology, artificial intelligence robots have become a part of human life. It can not only help people to complete tedious work, but also improve human work efficiency. In order to provide better services to humans, AI needs to collect and analyze human information. This paper focuses on this point and tried to show the rights and duty of the privacy manager as an AI ethics. Method: This research reviews from the definition of the privacy right. And focusing on the critical development of privacy right. This paper focuses on the privacy problems and reasons for AI in this point, especially AI robots. This paper analyzes the current AI privacy issues and their causes through domestic robots, available robots, and AI wisdom networks. With this, this paper tries to explain the protection of human privacy through two parts as protection regulations and improved algorithms. Results: Relying on individuals or groups to achieve privacy protection is difficult and requires strong laws and regulations to restrict it. Privacy protection technology mainly uses data bundling, distributed computing, edge computing, machine learning, and other technologies to protect data security. Protecting privacy requires strong science and technology and a sound legal system, And it also requires the government to establish functional departments to supervise producers, operators, and users. Conclusion: All the final result is to make AI coexist with humans in the same society. The emergence of artificial intelligence robots has brought convenient services to humans, and at the same time, threatened human privacy. Whether it is a service robot or an AI smart network, they obtain users' private information all the time. In order to ensure privacy, developed countries in the AI field have successively promulgated AI regulation or AI ethics to protect privacy. Together with this, some researchers have improved algorithms to protect users' privacy.
    Keyword:Privacy, Data Collection, Trust, AI Regulation, AI Ethics, AI Algorithm
International Journal of Justice & Law ISSN 2324-8767


SUBMISSION 2/10 5/10 8/10 11/10
REVIEW 2/20 5/20 8/20 11/20
ACCEPTED 2/25 5/25 8/25 11/25
PUBLISHED 3/30 6/30 9/30 12/30



Taehwan Kwak Eastern Kentucky University, USA
Sandip Kumar Mishra Jawaharlal Nehru University, India
Gyunyeol Park Gyeongsang National University, South Korea


󠇛Julak Lee

Chungang University, South Korea
[Curriculum Vitae]

Vice President

Sangsoo Lee Korea National Defense University, South Korea
Jongha Kim Hannam University, South Korea
Chungsik Yu Shanghai International Studies University, China
Bongje Kim Seoul National University of Education, South Korea

Editor in Chief

Hyunsoo Kim

Pusan National University, South Korea
[Curriculum Vitae]


Yongwoo Shon General Affairs Hannam University, South Korea
Pyungkyun Woo Research The Academy of Korean Studies, South Korea
Taewoo Park Intelligence National Chengchi University, Republic of China
Jiwon Yun Management Sangmyung University, South Korea
Hyunyoung Sung Planning Gyeongsang National University, South Korea
Shin Beomchul International Korea Research Institute for National Strategy, South Korea

Editor in Director

Hyungryeol Kim

Seoul National University, South Korea
[Curriculum Vitae]

󠇛Jina Choi

Ewha Womans University, South Korea
[Curriculum Vitae]

Editor in Administrator

Yi Li Gyeongsang National University, South Korea
Intae Lee Seoul National University, South Korea
Wonbong Lee Gyeongsang National University, South Korea
Aswati Hamzah University Sains Malaysia, Malaysia
Melany Natividad Saint Louis University, Philippines
Zheng Jin Zhengzhou Normal University, China
Abu Musa Mohammad Arif Billah University of Dhaka, Bangladesh
Shakila Yacob University of Malaya, Malaysia
Xi Haixu Jiangsu University of Technology, China
Tahka Benice Leinyuy Gyeongsang National University, South Korea
Tamunang Tamutana Timothy Zhengzhou Normal University, China


2015 JUN. 30 International Society for Justice & Law Established by Dr. Y. Lim
DEC. 05 Inaugural General Meeting
2016 FEB. 19 International Journal of Justice & Law (ISSN 2324-8767)
JUN. 30 First Journal Publication (378 Tenjinchou Kamimaruko Nakaharaku Kawasakishi Kangawhken Japan)
OCT. 11 Digital Object Identifier Enrollment (DOI)
Google Scholar
2019 APR. 08 Journal Title Suggestion Scopus
APR. 30 I2OR
MAY. 07 ProQuest
JUN. 30 Journal Publication Change Address (2-20-7 Arakawa Arakawaku Tokyo Japan)
DEC. 30 International Journal of Justice & Law Title Alteration: Robotics & AI Ethics (ISSN 2435-3345)
Move Permissions Branch Operator Dr. G. Park
2020 NOV. 02 KCI
2021 MAR. 30 Move Permissions Branch Operator Dr. S. Jo