All Articles

  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between the team cohesiveness from the characteristics of university licensing products, school satisfaction, and purchase intention perceived by university students to give managerial suggestions for the self-reliance ratio of finance. A total of 243 valid data were collected from 260 university students using the questionnaire with the self-administration method and the data were analyzed by using descriptive statistics, exploratory factor analysis, and multiple regression. The results could be derived as follow. First, the team cohesiveness from the licensing products had an effect on the satisfaction of school. Second, the team cohesiveness of licensing products had an effect on the purchasing intention. Third, the satisfaction of school had an effect on the purchasing intention of university licensing products. As the previous study confirmed that the high level of team(university) cohesiveness gives a positive affection on the satisfaction of the school and purchase intention of their licensing products, the government of the university should have the managerial strategies to raise their team cohesiveness so that it makes positive team cohesiveness and total sales of licensing products. With the strategic plan to make high level of the team cohesiveness, the university government needs to attract talented student athletes for improving the quality of the games and other services so that general students and alumni give their support by watching the games and purchasing the licensing products of their school. Also, if the university pays attention to the revenue-making business through the efficient operation and to corporate sponsorship program with marketing activities, the university can be obtain the high level of cohesiveness, brand quality, and student attraction.
    Keyword:Financial Crisis, Product Attribute, Team Cohesiveness, Licensing Product, Purchase Intention
  • This study was a descriptive study conducted to investigate nursing college students’ degree of patient safety management during their clinical training. This study aimed to provide a baseline data for developing systematic nursing educational curriculum for the enhancement of competence in nursing college students’ fundamental patient safety nursing intervention. The participants consisted of 372 senior nursing college students who have had clinical practice at a nursing college in Gwangju metropolitan city. The data was collected from December 4th to 28th in 2017 at the end-point of their clinical training education in nursing college, and convenience sampling was the method of inves-tigation for this research. For the assessment of patient safety management knowledge(PSM-K), instrument modified by Choi & Lee(2015) from Park & Park(2014) was used. The instrument for patient safety management attitude(PSM-A) assessment was by Chenot & Daniel(2007), for confidence in performance of patient safety man-agement(PSM-CP) by Park(2011), and for patient safety management practice(PSM-P) by Yoo & Lee(2014). The collected data was analyzed with SPSS 19.0 using descriptive statistics, t-test, One-way ANOVA, and Scheffé test. The results of this study indicated that the ratio of correct answers of PSM-K was 70.7%, PSM-A was 3.85, PSM-CP was 3.99, and PSM-P was 4.24 out of 5 points. And also in terms of the correlations between PSM-K, PSM-A, PSM-CP, and PSM-P, significant positive correlations existed between PSM-K and PSM-A(r=.28, p<.001), PSM-CP and PSM-K(r=.19, p<.001), PSM-CP and PSM-A(r=.48, p<.001), PSM-P and PSM-A(r=.37, p<.001), and PSM-CP and PSM-P(r=.37, p<.001). Therefore, in order to enhance nursing college students’ competence in patient safety nursing intervention, nursing college students must experience various exercises and training for patient safety management during the clinical practicum as well as with scenario-based simulation. And nursing education facilities should develop educational contents about patient safety for nursing college students.
    Keyword:Patient Safety, Safety Management, Nursing, Nursing College Student, Republic of Korea
  • Manufacturers of lead-acid batteries have made great efforts to reduce the production cost of batteries. Simplifying the manufacturing process is an effective way to reduce costs. In general, it has been recognized that tubular electrode plates should be pickled after filling with the positive active material(PAM). This process requires a pickling and drying process. During this process, curing of the active material occurs. Generally, the curing process is the most time-consuming part of the lead-acid battery manufacturing process. This study deals with the simplification of the manufacturing process for lead-acid batteries using a tubular type positive plate. The effect on discharge capacity of pickling and curing time for the tubular plate was investigated. In this study, tubular positive plates filled with the active material were subjected to case formation(CF) by assembling the cell without pickling. The investigation illustrated that pickling conditions were a determinant for modifications of the chemical and phase composition of the PAM and for electrochemical performance. Thus, a better under-standing of the pickling mechanism is required in order to optimize the tubular positive plate’s performance. It has been observed that the key to successful pickling is the maintenance of an exact balance between the concentration of H2SO4, and the duration of the pickling process. The comparative study showed that longer pickling times and higher concentrations of H2SO4 do not necessarily result in electrodes with better first capacity performance. Also, it was noted that if the concentration of H2SO4 for pickling was too low or too high, the capacity of the battery was reduced. In this study, the best cell performance was obtained after 3 hours of pickling in H2SO4 solution with a specific gravity of 1.20 and after 16 hours of pickling in H2SO4 solution with a specific gravity of 1.10. This result will be commercially valuable to tubular type lead-acid battery manufacturers in terms of simplifying the manufacturing process.
    Keyword:Crisis, Manufacturing Process, Pickling, Tubular Positive Plate, Lead-Acid Battery
  • Purpose; The purpose of this study was to analyze papers on the self-leadership of nursing students, which were included in domestic academic journals over the past 15 years, in an attempt to determine the research trend. Methods: This is a descriptive research study that analyzed 41 papers included in domestic academic journals over the past 15 years(2003-2018). Results: The studies related to the self-leadership of nursing students numbered five(12.2%) between 2009 and 2014 and 36(87.8%) between 2015 and 2018. As to the distribution of the papers by journal, 10 papers(24.3%) that were largest in number were included in the Journal of Korea Academia- Industrial Cooperation Society. Concerning variables related to self-leadership, critical thinking disposition was a major variable that was covered in 10 papers(24.3%) that were largest in number, and another major variable was self-efficacy that was covered in seven(17.5). As a result of analyzing the papers by research method, every study was quantitative research that numbered 41(100%). Out of them, the descriptive research studies were most common, and the experimental studies numbered 17(17.0%). In regard to sample size determination, G*Power was used the most in 31 papers(75.6%). Regarding institutional review board, eight(19.5%) out of the 41 papers were implemented with the approval of IRB. As for data analysis in the studies using descriptive statistics, t-test was used mainly in 35 papers(85.3%); ANOVA, in 26(63.4%); Pearson correlation coefficient, in 26(63.4%). In the experimental studies, x2-test was dominant, which was used in 10 papers(24.3%) . Conclusion: The findings of the study are expected to provide some information on how to nurture the self-leadership of would-be professional nurses to step up their competency development to affect their clinical performance in a positive way and on how to set the right directions for the development of nursing to make a contribution to the improvement of the quality of nursing.
    Keyword:Nursing Students, Self-Leadership, Domestic Research Trend, Analysis, In Republic of Korea