About the Journal

International Journal of Human & Disaster is a peer-reviewed, interdisciplinary journal with all human science throughout the all field of humanities, social, ethics and disaster. It provides a platform for scholar, experts, researchers, practitioners, and students to publish original research, review papers, and other scholarly works. The journal invites research articles, theoretical papers, as well as ethics touching upon any aspects academic discourses on human science, human philosophy, natural disaster, human disaster, and security sciences. Anytime the journal welcomes manuscripts written in English.

Academic Area & Scope

Area 1 Humanities Multidisciplinary
Area 2 Social Science, Interdisciplinary
Area 3 Multidisciplinary Sciences

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  • Trains running through urban railroad sections in large cities are an important means of transportation for many passengers. In 2019, the number of passengers using the Seoul Metropolitan Railway reached 2.9 billion. The drivers are responsible for the safe operation of the numerous passengers repeatedly go two to three minutes apart, looking only at the railroad tracks in the dark underground section. Although the urban railway system is becoming state-of-the-art and accidents are caused by system errors and human error continue, so the train driv-ers must exert a high level of concentration to prevent accidents. This professional nature has led to considerable job stress for drivers, and the annual subway accident is feared to cause depression, bipolar disorder, obsessive compulsive disorder, and various mental disorders and panic disorder caused by post-traumatic stress disorder. In this paper, while the accident lessons and measures are active in railway operation institutions after the occur-rence of various railway accidents, the measures for drivers have been taken away from the very insufficient exist-ing methods and considered the engineer as a special class of high-risk groups, and the application of the psycho-logical stability program of firefighting officials, who are currently high-risk. The meaning and necessity of devel-oping human psychological stability program for railroad engineers were presented by analyzing these.
    Keyword:Train-Driver, Job Stress, Human-Error, Post-Traumatic Stress, Psychological Stability
  • Foreign plants introduced by overseas exchanges are rapidly transformed into naturalized plants and pose se-rious threats to biodiversity, including domestic native species. Therefore, this study is based on the flora survey data of 776 map numbers(1200 places) for 12 years from 2006 to 2017, the third to fourth data of the National Natural Environment Survey, the nation’s largest basic research project on the natural ecosystem. By analyzing plant species and naturalized plant species and predicting naturalized plant species and naturalization Index, they can be used as basic data to study environmental changes, or they can be used to set various indicators ap-plying naturalized plants and naturalization Index and to set the upper limit of permit for development activities. Therefore, in this study, one-way ANOVA analysis and MANOVA analysis were conducted to determine whether there is a difference in naturalized plant species and naturalization Index by year, region, altitude, population density, GDP, and the ratio of forest to area. There was a correlation between the items such as year, region, alti-tude, population density, GDP, the ratio of forest to area and the number and naturalization Index of naturalized plants, and the greatest impact on the naturalized plant species and naturalization Index. Curve estimation re-gression, multiple regression, and dummy variable regression were performed to find out which items are causing the problem. Through this research, it is thought that the naturalization Index predicted by this study can be used for the issue of Permit on Exclusive use of inter-mountain area altitude standard, which is operated under the Act on Planning, and Use of National Territory, and the Mountain Site Management Act. The naturalization Index predicted by this study can be used as basic data for setting the upper limit of Permit on Exclusive use of inter-mountain area, or for studying environmental change, or for setting various indicators.
    Keyword:Naturalized Plants, Naturalization Index, Region, Altitude, Population Density
  • Purpose; The purpose of this study is to examine the problems of the traditional teaching method, and to clari-fy how the teaching and learning methods for creative talents is reflected through the design on teaching and learning method for creative talent in the age of artificial intelligence(AI). The design of the creative teaching and learning model proposed in this study is largely classified into two stages, In-class(Offline Practice Learning Steps) and After-class(Post-Class Inquiry and Project-Based Learning). And the mechanism that connects learning states organically rather than independently separate concept, but is analyzed based on a questionnaire evaluation on the concentration and immersion of classes and the understanding of creative teaching and learning methods. And this paper explores that learners who will be at the center of future society have the power to think through concentration and immersion in solving their own difficult problems based on their experience of teaching and learning methods in university education. In this process, creativity is expressed. They will also feel happy with a sense of accomplishment, confidence, and satisfaction while solving difficult problems. This is why problem-based learning is necessary in university education. The teaching and learning method proposed in this study is to in-duce learners to think freely based on dialogue rather than discussion, and to lead the class by achieving the con-centration and immersion in class, thus leading to a sense of achievement. The teaching-learning model, which incorporates elements that can solve problems on their own with convergent and logical thinking, has become an opportunity to reveal the importance of fostering creative talent for the artificial intelligence era.
    Keyword:Creative Talents, Artificial Intelligence, Teaching and Learning Method, Traditional Teaching Meth-od, Imaginative Creativity
  • Iranian influence on Language, literature and culture of Bangladesh is indeed very apparent in every sphere of life of the people in the country. The history of the civilization and culture of Iran and Bangladesh suggests that the people of both the lands have been maintaining a good relationship with each other since time immemorial. The relationship began to grow since the period of Achaemenid dynasty (550 BC) in Iran and gradually expanded through the periods of the Parthian(249-226 BC) and the Sassanid(226 BC – 652 AD) which got a new dimension and was consolidated further by the establishment of the Ghaznavid dynasty in Punjab, Ghurid Dynasty in Delhi, and finally Bakhtiyar Khilji in Bengal. Primarily it commenced through the traders who used to travel to the land from Persia and other middle-eastern regions following the sea route – Persian Gulf. Sonargaon, Bengalla(Dhaka), Satgaon, Hugli, Tamralipti were the important sea-ports in the region since the seventh century BC. Many of the traders and merchants used to travel frequently and a good number of them got married to local girls and settled here which finally resulted in socio-cultural assimilation, especially in the influence of Persian language in local vernacular languages, especially the Bengali language. Beside traders, wandering saints and preachers had been visiting Bengal long before the Muslim conquest of the land in 1203 AD. Furthermore, the mystic movement in Bengal, by the end of the fourteenth century, had an enormous impact on indigenous culture and society – irrespective of both the Hindus and the Muslims. The presence of huge lexicographic elements, numerous Persian words in both original and distorted forms in Bengali language as well as the emergence of mystic and romantic dimensions in mediaeval Bengali literature and culture, comprising elements from Persian literature and Sufi tradition can be realized as the best examples to understand the range and intensity of Iranian influence on the field. After the fall of Bengal to the East India Company however, the splendor of Persian gradually begun to diminish. English, Urdu as well as Hindi languages became more influential not only in Bengal but in the whole sub-continent. This study attempts to address the issues related to the topic using both primary and secondary elements and analyze the reasons behind the decline of Persian literary, cultural and Sufi traditions in the region.
    Keyword:Iran, Bangladesh, Socio-Cultural Assimilation, Lexicographic Elements, Romantic Literature
  • This study aims to inquiry desirable leadership by examining and discussing the Psychological Status and the dilemma Humanity of leadership facing intermediate leaders. The research was divided into five categories, including the difficulties that middle leaders face in exercising leadership on the psychological status and humanity feeling dilemma of the high pressure that comes from being caught in the middle', the frustration of following incompetent senior leaders, the difficulty of self-awareness that is not seen in the middle', and the 'the difficulty of leadership exercise due to the characteristics of new soldiers,' to discuss what causes each of these occur and suggest how to deal with them. And the middle leader, which means most of the time, refers to the usual middle leader who works in a trap, but it also states that it is applicable to middle leaders such as the chief of the land and land department. Through this study, we have considered the psychological status and human dilemmas that the mid-level Navy leader may experience, thereby giving various consideration to how efforts should be made to demonstrate effective leadership. Navy leaders must be all-out leaders, and they will wisely overcome the difficulties if they perceive the looming leadership dilemma as an opportunity to foster all-out leadership capabilities to the middle leader.
    Keyword:Leadership, Psychological Status, Dilemma Humanity, Middle Leader, Navy Leader


SUBMISSION 2/10 8/10
REVIEW 2/20 8/20
ACCEPTED 2/25 8/25
PUBLISHED 3/30 9/30



Seo Eun-sook Dongguk University, South Korea
Kim Tae-woong Gyeongsang National University, South Korea


Lee Ju-lak

Chungang University, South Korea
[Curriculum Vitae]

Vice President

Yang Heung-kweun Daegu University, South Korea

Editor in Chief

Lim Yeo-jin

Navy Leadership Center, South Korea
[Curriculum Vitae]


Lim Yeo-jin General Affairs Navy Leadership Center, South Korea
Li Yi Research Gyeongsang National University, South Korea
Jun Chan-young Intelligence Gyeongsang National University, South Korea
Tahka Benice Leinyuy Management Gyeongsang National University, South Korea
Sung Hyun-young Planning Gyeongsang National University, South Korea
Tamunang Tamutana Timothy International Zhengzhou Normal University, China

Editor in Director

Jung Hye-sim

Police Human Resources Development Institute, South Korea
[Curriculum Vitae]

Joo Young-cheol

Inje University, South Korea
[Curriculum Vitae]

Editor in Administrator

Kim Hyung-ryeol Seoul National University, South Korea
Kim Hyun-soo Pusan National University, South Korea
Aswati Hamzah University Sains Malaysia, Malaysia
Melany Natividad Saint Louis University, Philippines
Abu Musa Mohammad Arif Billah University of Dhaka, Bangladesh
Shakila Yacob University of Malaya, Malaysia
Kim Bong-je Seoul National University of Education, South Korea
Zheng Jin Zhengzhou Normal University, China


2015 JUN. 30 International Society for Human & Disaster Established by Dr. Ryu Sang-il
DEC. 05 Inaugural General Meeting
2016 FEB. 19 International Journal of Human & Disaster (ISSN 2423-8260)
JUN. 30 First Journal Publication (378 Tenjinchou Kamimaruko Nakaharaku Kawasakishi Kangawhken Japan)
OCT. 11 Digital Object Identifier Enrollment (DOI)
Google Scholar
2019 APR. 11 Journal Title Suggestion Scopus
APR. 30 I2OR
MAY. 07 ProQuest
JUN. 30 Journal Publication Change Address (2-20-7 Arakawa Arakawaku Tokyo Japan)
DEC. 30 Move Permissions Branch Operator Dr. Park Gyun-yeol