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The Development Guidelines for Anti-Earthquake DISASTER Training

Vol.3 (No.1) 2018
Author
admin
Date
2018-06-30 01:10
Views
29

Abstract


Purpose; The purpose of this study proposes training steps in preparation of multiple earthquakes disasters and how to plan training situation scenarios reflecting regional characteristics in response to frequent occurrence of earthquakes in Korea these days. There was a series of earthquakes with the subsequent aftershocks of magnitude 5.0 in Kyung-ju and Pohang in Korea in 2016 and2017, which resulted in a lot of damages. The earthquake disaster is what Korea has ever never experienced and we are defenseless for response training by the government institutions and public entities as well as the technologies for preparing disaster However, in the wake of the earthquake in 2016, the importance of training for earthquake has been appreciated and a host of multiple earthquake disaster drills has been conducted in the Safety Korea Training under the control of the Ministry of Public Administration and Security. However, due to lack of understanding on earthquake disasters and lack of experiences of earthquake disaster drills, the drills still remains unpractical. In particular, more jobs are required to establish scenarios explaining from preparation to training. This study presents the 10 steps of PDCA CYCLE for multiple earthquake disaster training. In preparing the drills, the study suggests training for the response situation and making improvements to update the manual for better next drills over time. Earthquake disaster is getting worse through the complicated and continuous situations over time. Considering these earthquake dis-aster characteristics, characteristics such as weather, time, and season are important variables in determining the response directions. In order for efficient drills reflecting local characteristics, a training situation scenario is needed to take the characteristics of the earthquake disaster, the current status of the region, the characteristics of the characteristics of the facilities into account so as to create a complex disaster situation in response to an earthquake. In this study, we propose a method to set weather, time, and seasonal characteristics and to estimate the damage situation reflecting the surrounding facilities and the affected area in order to create a situation scenario that can cope with over time accordingly. The situation scenario is presented as an example of the Ulsan metropolitan city located on the tip of Southeast Korea. All the examples are based on the damage situations and responding situations are provided in accordance with the Site Action Manual and the Earthquake Disaster Manuals kept by each organization. It is believed that the 10 steps for PDCA CYCLE training and the damaged situation scenario proposed in this study will be conducive to the trainers in charge of preparing for the complex earthquake disasters and simulation scenarios.

Keyword:Disaster, Development, Earthquake, Training Scenario, Training Guide
  • There is a great concern for infectious diseases across the world, and the U.S. Center of Disease Control(CDC) puts emphasis on the prevention of respiratory infection. However, the importance of cough etiquette is still overlooked than that of hand washing. Specifically, this phenomenon is quite serious among college students who are indifferent a lot to health and live a community life. The rate of the incorrect answers was high as to covering mouth with a hand, handkerchief, sleeve or tissue, and the compliance rate was below 30 percent as well. The compliance rates with some items were approximately three times larger than those in 2014, but the rates are still low. As a consequence, they are at high risk of various respiratory diseases and infectious illnesses that incur droplet infection. Like the case of hand washing, prolonged nationwide education should be provided about cough etiquette, and how to increase the compliance rate should carefully be considered. That is expected to lesson the burden of Middle East respiratory syndrome and influenza.
    Keyword:Human & Disaster College Student, Cough Etiquette, Droplet Infection, Infectious Disease, Practice
  • Consumers rely on media in seeking risk information about their products. Many of the products that consumers encounter commonly in everyday life are the results of highly sophisticated processes from the beginning of production to the completion stage, forcing consumers to rely on the opinions of the experts through the media in obtaining information about products. The purpose of this study was, accordingly, to analyze the actual processes in which risk information messages are provided to consumers. It is suggested that the consumers are likely to fall in risky situation due to their lack of knowledge of coping measures. It is considered, therefore, that risk communication or risk reporting in the future should provide personal measures as a prognostic framing together with diagnostic framing.
    Keyword:Content Analysis, Consumers, Media, Household Chemical Products, Information
  • This study aims to analyze the present local government status systematically and establish practical disaster and safety management system of the local government. Rural area is composed of small business farm community with people engaged in primary industry. The disaster occuring in rural area includes both social disaster and natural disaster. Urban area is differentiated from rural area in aspect of industrial composition, administration, and facility. The disaster occurring in urban area includes both social disaster and natural disaster. In adminis-trative district aspect, urbanrural complex area refers to city which connects urban and rural area spatially. Metropolitan area is a concept contrast to basic local government. Also, current workers for disaster prevention department are insufficient compared to quota. In addition, excessive number of residents is assigned per worker at disaster department. The work hours of workers at disaster department exceeds average work hours at the local government.
    Keyword:Local Government, Disaster Management System, Disaster Management, Crisis Management System, Disaster Cooperation
  • The purpose of this study is to propose a quantitative evaluation method of landscape for urban landscape planning in urban planning for sustainable urban regeneration. The identity of the city is recognized as the competitiveness of the city, among the various elements that make up the identity of the city, the buildings that make up the city center and the landscape of the city center are important from the aspect of the space that realizes the lives of citizens. Cities will lose their vibrancy with the growth of the city and the flow of time, and there will also be where the city will disappear. By giving new functions and personality to such places, there is a possibility that urban revitalization is planned. Since the regeneration method does not regenerate only one object, urban planning for urban regeneration is necessary. Therefore, out of various fields of urban planning, we show quantitative evaluation method for urban landscape planning, analyze the results, and propose urban landscape plan making use of characteristics of landscape. For this purpose, a field survey was conducted for the characteristic districts of Nagasaki City, Japan, and at the same time, characteristic landscapes were photographed and recorded. A landscape evaluation was carried out for the same and quantification was performed. In the landscape evaluation, the SD method was applied to the subjects, and quantification theory and cluster analysis were applied to the results for quantification. Next, a characteristic urban landscape plan was proposed by analyzing the landscape evaluation with the quantification performed.
    Keyword:Quantification, Improvement Effect Simulation, Landscape Analysis, Landscape Planning, Urban Regeneration
  • The purpose of this study was to examine the experience of depression and stress level according to obesity in an effort to obtain some information on how to relieve depression and lower stress level based on the results of BMI evaluation. As for the experience of depression, the rates of depression expression were higher among the respondents who were male, who had been married yet had no spouses, who were less educated and whose income levels were lower, and stress levels were higher among the respondents who were female, who were younger, who were unmarried, who were better educated and whose income levels were higher. BMIs were higher in the respondents who were male, who were in their 50s, who had been married and had spouses, who were secondary-school graduates, who engaged in economic activity and whose income was between 2.01 and 3 million won. Regarding stress level and the experience of depression according to BMI classification, stress levels were highest in the underweight group, and the experience of depression was most common in the under-weight group as well. BMI may depend on diverse characteristics, but the finding that depression and stress were severer in the underweight group should be taken into account, and it seems necessary to improve eating habits and life habits even amid hectic life to control weight.
    Keyword:Human & Disaster BMI, Community, Depression, Obesity, Stress
  • In South Korean society, forestry has been on a continuous decline. Agriculture and forestry are important fields directly connected to the food security of the people. Forestry has many problems including imbalance between rising production and consumption rates, fluctuating prices by the season, poor research pool on grow-ing and biological pest control, temporary petty cultivation facilities, and weaker price competitiveness than Chinese counterparts. Since forest products are not part of the nation's food staple, the demand for forest products is more unstable than agricultural products, which explains why the percentage of forest managers leaving the vocation is higher than that of farmers. This study set out to investigate the current forest management of forest managers and find solutions to the crisis of forest products in South Korea. The subjects include 15 forestry households that collected, processed, and distributed wild herbs and vegetables, mushrooms, and fruits. The survey period spanned about two months from December, 2015 to February, 2017. The in-depth interview covered six major areas including the information of forestry households, information of forest products, methods of collection, methods of processing, methods of distribution, and other particulars. Based on the results of an in-depth interview with 15 forestry households, the study made the following proposals for the development of forestry in the nation: first, they should introduce a village or farming association unit and carry out promotional and marketing strategies in an organized way; second, they should create value added with the development of processed food through talent search and education for their village or farming association organization and government-level support projects based on connections between central and local regions; and lastly, given the recent growing interest in environment-friendly food, they should make efforts to segment food consumers according to their dietary life patterns and understand their preference in order to create a market environment where both forestry businesses and consumers can survive together.
    Keyword:Forestry Disaster, Forestry Crisis, Forest Manager, Forestry Business, Forest Products
  • Purpose; The purpose of this research is to examine the effects of the promotion of understanding sex related stories for the prevention of sexual violence on the children of age 5. The subjects were 58 children of age 5(19 children of experimental group, 20 children of comparison group, and 19 children of control group) in the city of P. The experimental group performed the music drama activity using the picture books for sex education for 36 times. The comparison group conducted the sex education picture book activities used in the experiment group. The control group did not engage in sexual violence prevention activities and instead conducted daily life subject centric activities at the national level. Data analysis was conducted by t-test and ANCOVA using the SPSS 21.0 program. The results of the research yielded that the experimental group showed a better understanding of the sex related story than the comparison group and the control group, and the comparison group also showed a statistically significant difference in understanding the sex related story than the control group. These results showed that the promotion of comprehension of sex related stories was effective in preventing sexual violence for children.
    Keyword:Sexual Violence, Music Drama, Sex Education Picture Books, Sexual Violence Prevention, Story Comprehension
  • Various efforts are needed in preparation for the predictable Korea unification as a wind of peace blown over the Korean Peninsula brought about the long-terminated exchange between South Korea and North Korea. As bilateral relationship and exchanges are actively done, systematic and specific system needs to be established to manage highly uncertain disasters more efficiently. It is particularly important to establish the comprehensive and integrated disaster management operation system for the unified peninsula after the declaration of the end of war as bilateral relations are abruptly improved and inter-Korean exchange and cooperation continues. This study aims to elevate the tolerance in response to the unification and propose improvements of disaster safety system in the course of cooperation between the government and private institutions. Disaster management system needs to be reformed considering legalization related with research results, disaster term standardization, manual generalization, and regional characterization. It would be desirable to build up disaster management and response system starting from regions such as boundary areas, economic cooperation areas, and exchange areas not by setting a diverse range of disasters and selecting areas in hope of proper cooperation of the further inter-Korean disaster management system.
    Keyword:Korean Peninsula, Disaster Management System, Disaster Management, Unification, Disaster Cooperation
  • Purpose; The purpose of this study proposes training steps in preparation of multiple earthquakes disasters and how to plan training situation scenarios reflecting regional characteristics in response to frequent occurrence of earthquakes in Korea these days. There was a series of earthquakes with the subsequent aftershocks of magnitude 5.0 in Kyung-ju and Pohang in Korea in 2016 and2017, which resulted in a lot of damages. The earthquake disaster is what Korea has ever never experienced and we are defenseless for response training by the government institutions and public entities as well as the technologies for preparing disaster However, in the wake of the earthquake in 2016, the importance of training for earthquake has been appreciated and a host of multiple earthquake disaster drills has been conducted in the Safety Korea Training under the control of the Ministry of Public Administration and Security. However, due to lack of understanding on earthquake disasters and lack of experiences of earthquake disaster drills, the drills still remains unpractical. In particular, more jobs are required to establish scenarios explaining from preparation to training. This study presents the 10 steps of PDCA CYCLE for multiple earthquake disaster training. In preparing the drills, the study suggests training for the response situation and making improvements to update the manual for better next drills over time. Earthquake disaster is getting worse through the complicated and continuous situations over time. Considering these earthquake dis-aster characteristics, characteristics such as weather, time, and season are important variables in determining the response directions. In order for efficient drills reflecting local characteristics, a training situation scenario is needed to take the characteristics of the earthquake disaster, the current status of the region, the characteristics of the characteristics of the facilities into account so as to create a complex disaster situation in response to an earthquake. In this study, we propose a method to set weather, time, and seasonal characteristics and to estimate the damage situation reflecting the surrounding facilities and the affected area in order to create a situation scenario that can cope with over time accordingly. The situation scenario is presented as an example of the Ulsan metropolitan city located on the tip of Southeast Korea. All the examples are based on the damage situations and responding situations are provided in accordance with the Site Action Manual and the Earthquake Disaster Manuals kept by each organization. It is believed that the 10 steps for PDCA CYCLE training and the damaged situation scenario proposed in this study will be conducive to the trainers in charge of preparing for the complex earthquake disasters and simulation scenarios.
    Keyword:Disaster, Development, Earthquake, Training Scenario, Training Guide
  • The purpose of this study is to investigate the relationship between the nursing students’ problem solving skills, nurse image and leadership for patient safety by conduting a survey against nursing students of a university. A sample included 241 nursing students enrolled at a regional universitys nursing program during November 3 to 7, 2014. Data were analyzed using mean, t-test, ANOVA, correlation with SPSS 21.0. The mean scores turned out to be 3.36, 3.73, 3.68, for problem solving skills, nurse image and leadership. There were significant mean differences in problem solving skills according to application motivation and a school record. There were significant mean differences in the nurse image according to satisfaction with nursing as major and clinical training. There were significant mean differences in leadership according to application motivation, satisfaction with nursing as major and personality. Significant positive correlation among problem solving skills, nurse image and leadership were found. This findings indicate that in order to enhance problem solving skills for patients safety, it would be necessary to develop programs that account for factors related to improving the nursing students problem solving skills for the patient safety based on the results of this study.
    Keyword:Patient Safety, Problem Solving Skills, Nurse Image, Leadership, Nursing Student