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Analysis on the Effect of Dahn-TAEKWONDO Training on the Improvement of Juvenile Spinal Asymmetry

Vol.4 (No.1) 2019
Author
admin
Date
2019-06-30 12:24
Views
320

Abstract


The spine is a column of our body and dissymmetry of the spine can cause problems on our health.
In this study, the origin of idiopathic spine dissymmetry among adolescents is explained that physical force does not flow fully so that chilly draft comes into being.
The main purpose of this study is to analyze the effect of the spine dissymmetry improvement program. X-ray examination on the thoracic vertebrae and the lumbar vertebrae was applied before and after 12-week Dahn Taekwondo program to each participant.
In this study, we apply the Dahn-Taekwondo 'Spinal Asymmetry Improvement Program' to 18(9-18 year old) adolescents with spinal asymmetry 3 times per week and 1 hour per 1 day for 12 weeks. The results are as follows.
First, the Dahn-Taekwondo spinal asymmetry improvement program brings significant reduction(p <.001) of the Cobb's angle of thoracic asymmetry in adolescents.
Second, in the Taekwondo lumbar asymmetry improvement program, the lumbar asymmetry Cobb's angle of adolescents decreased significantly(p <.001).
These findings indicate that the Dahn Taekwondo spine improvement program is effective for the juveniles with spine dissymmetry and can be recommended to prevent and treat spine dissymmetry among juveniles.
Therefore, Dahn-Taekwondo spinal asymmetry improvement program can be used as a body correcting exercise for young people who do little physical activity and especially sit long time with unstable postures.

Keyword:Juveniles, Dahn Taekwondo, Cobb’s Degree, Spine Dissymmetry, Thoracic Vertebrae
  • The purpose of this study was to identify the effects of Taekwondo training on leadership and the relationship between the leadership of girl’s middle school students and community spirit and to provide basic materials for various educational program development to nurture leadership that can be used in Taekwondo Gym. In this study, preliminary survey was made on the parents of Taekwondo Gym. This study was performed according to the following study procedures. First, on 250 girl’s middle school students of the students who have been trained in Taekwondo Gym. in Daegu for more than six months were selected through Convenience Sampling and were asked to answer the survey in self-administration method. Among the 250 returned answers, 238 answers exclud-ing insincere or incomplete ones were analyzed as valid samples. Second, statistical verification was made accord-ing to the purpose of material analysis using SPSS Program 23.0. General characteristics were identified by fre-quency analysis and for the reliability verification cronbach's α coefficient was calculated. Taekwondo training factors, leadership skill factors and community spirit factors were analyzed for the factor analysis, while the effects of Taekwondo training factors on the leadership and community spirit factors were analyzed by multi regression analysis. The following conclusions were made according to the above research methods and material analysis methods. First, in the effects of Taekwondo training on leadership skill, emotional factors, living attitude factors influenced decision making factors, and emotional factors, social factors, physical factors and living attitude fac-tors influenced self-understanding factors. Second, in the effects of Taekwondo training on community spirit, so-cial factors and living attitude factors of Taekwondo training influenced altruism factors and emotional factors and social factors influenced social responsibility factors. Third, in the effects of leadership skill on community spirit, self-understanding factors and leadership factors influenced altruism and self-understanding factors influ-enced significantly on social responsibility factors. As such, it was found that Taekonwdo training influenced leadership skill and community spirit.
    Keyword:Girl’s Middle School Students, Taekwondo, Taekwondo Training Leadership, Community Spirit, Mar-tial Arts
  • The purpose of this study is to verify the effects by developing and applying a cognitive behavior therapy pro-gram for improvement of Taekwondo demonstration performance strategies. To achieve the purpose of this study, a program for improvement of Taekwondo demonstration performance strategies is developed through literature review. 9 people voluntarily expressing an intention of participating in this program among demonstration mem-bers of the national team acting in Korean Taekwondo Association were formed as an experimental group, and 10 people were sampled and formed as a control group. Total 10 times of the developed program were applied to the experimental group during 90 minutes∼100 minutes. However, this program was not applied to the control group. As a result of analyzing a difference between the experimental group and the control group to verify the effects of applying a cognitive behavior therapy program, first, there is a statistically meaningful difference between groups in pre and post tests for sports performance strategy test between the experimental group and the control group. After implementation of the program, it showed that condition regulation, setup of image and purpose, easing the tension, and the ability of affect regulation were related to cognitive variable increase in sports per-formance strategies. Second, there is a statistically meaningful difference between groups in pre and post tests for an automatic thinking(negative) test between the experimental group and the control group. Especially, negative automatic thinking decreased in the experimental group a cognitive behavior therapy program was conducted, and this experimental group also showed a statistically meaningful difference. Third, there is a statistically mean-ingful difference between groups in pre and post tests of a dysfunctional beliefs test between the experimental group and the control group. After implementation of a cognitive behavior therapy program, all variables of dys-functional beliefs decreased in the experimental group, and the experimental group also showed a statistically meaningful difference.
    Keyword:Cognitive Behavior Therapy, Cognitive Behavior Therapy Program, Taekwondo Demonstration, Per-formance Strategies, Martial Arts
  • In order to explore changes in the use of judo techniques(Waza) depending on the experience of winning com-petitions and being selected as representative players of judo players at elementary, middle, and high schools and universities, a survey of self-administration method on the judo player population of Daegu and Gyeongbuk province as of 2020 based on convenience sampling was conducted, and the following conclusions were reached with 198 surveys as valid samples except for responses that were incomplete or missing among 200 question-naires retrieved. First, differences in offensive techniques depending on the experience of winning competitions were shown as follows. For Te-waza(hand techniques), players with the experience of winning competitions used Tai-otoshi(Body drop), Kata-guruma(Shoulder), and Yama-arashi(Mountain storm) more than those without the experience. For Koshi-waza(hip techniques), players without the experience used O-goshi(Large hip) and Tsuri-goshi(Life-pull hip) more than those with the experience. For Ashi-waza(foot techniques), players with the experience used O-soto-gari(Large outer reaping) and O-uchi-gari(Large inner reaping) more than those without the experience. Second, differences in defensive techniques depending on the experience of winning competitions were shown as follows. For Te-waza(hand techniques), players with the experience used Ryoude-seoi-nage-gaeshi(Both arm shoulder throw counter), Kataude-seoi-nage-gaeshi(one arm shoulder throw counter), Tai-otoshi-gaeshi(Body drop counter), Kata-guruma-gaeshi(Shoulder counter), and Yama-arashi-gaeshi(Mountain storm counter) more than those without the experience. For Koshi-waza(hip techniques), players with the experience used Harai-goshi-gaeshi(Hip sweeping counter), Uki-goshi-gaeshi(Floating hip counter), and Tsuri-goshi-gaeshi(Life-pull hip coun-ter) more than those without the experience. For Ashi-waza(foot techniques), players with the experience used O-soto-gari-gaeshi(Large outer reaping counter) and O-uchi-gari-gaeshi(Large inner reaping counter) more than those without the experience. Third, differences in offensive techniques depending on the experience of being selected as representative play-ers were shown as follows. For Te-waza(hand techniques), players with the experience of being selected as repre-sentative players used Tai-otoshi(Body drop), Kata-guruma(Shoulder), and Yama-arashi(Mountain storm) more than those without the experience. For Koshi-waza(hip techniques), players without the experience of being repre-sentative players used O-goshi(Large hip) and Tsuri-goshi(Life-pull hip) more than those with the experience. For Ashi-waza(foot techniques), players with the experience used O-soto-gari(Large outer reaping) and O-uchi-gari(Large inner reaping) more than those without the experience. Fourth, differences in defensive techniques depending on the experience of being selected as representative players were shown as follows. For Te-waza(hand techniques), players with the experience used Ryoude-seoi-nage-gaeshi(Both arm shoulder throw counter), Kataude-seoi-nage-gaeshi(one arm shoulder throw counter), Tai-otoshi-gaeshi(Body drop counter), Kata-guruma-gaeshi(Shoulder counter), and Yama-arashi-gaeshi(Mountain storm counter) more than those without the experience. For Koshi-waza(hip techniques), players with the experi-ence used Uki-goshi-gaeshi(Floating hip counter) and Tsuri-goshi-gaeshi(Life-pull hip counter) more than those without the experience. For Ashi-waza(foot techniques), players with the experience used O-soto-gari-gaeshi(Large outer reaping counter) and O-uchi-gari-gaeshi(Large inner reaping counter) more than those with-out the experience.
    Keyword:Martial Arts, Judo Techniques, Middle School, High School, University
  • The study was conducted with the aim of exploring the motives of college Taekwondo poomsae athletes for participating in the poomsae competitions. To achieve the goal of the study, closed and open type surveys were conducted on 136 college athletes registered with the Korea Taekwondo Association across the country, and the results of analyzing the data collected through the survey are as follows. First, the first time college Taekwondo poomsae athletes participated in a poomsae competition was, 41.91% when they were in high school, 24.26% in middle school, 20.59% in elementary school, and 13.24% in college. Second, they have participated in poomsae competitions 30 or more times(30.88%), 20 or more times(19.12%), 10 or more times(13.24%), 25 or more(11.76%), five or more times(10.29%), 3 or more times(7.35%). Third, the motivational factors for college Taekwondo poomsae athletes to participate in the poomsae competitions were structured into 36 areas, which are grouped into 8 general areas: personal achievements(196), performance improvement(118), personal growth(100), fun(75), recommendation/environment(72), psychological enhancement(69), abil-ity/relationship(52), and no-particular motives(10). Of the 8 general areas, personal achievements were shown at the highest rate. Based on the results of the research so far, I would like to suggest follow-up research as follows. First, the motivation for university taekwondo poomsae athletes to participate in the competition was only ex-pected to be natural, but there were more factors than winning. If we understand these diverse motivations well, we will be able to conduct strategic research to promote the competition. Second, although the study was con-ducted only on university poomsae players, it is believed that comparative analysis of the motivation for partici-pation in competitions between ages would be possible if the study was conducted on taekwondo fighters and other age groups. In particular, meaningful research could be done because the sport of poomsae has the special characteristics of athletes of all ages, from college students to those in their 60s or older. Third, if research is done to find ways to solve difficulties and difficulties in participating in the competition, rather than the motivation for college taekwondo poomsae athletes, an effective alternative to mid-life or retirement could be made.
    Keyword:Martial Arts, Taekwondo, Poomsae Competition, Motives for Participation, College Taekwondo Poomsae Athletes
  • 50~60 percent of factors which determine health are conditioned by everyday habits. The WHO(World Health Organization) recommend for children and teenagers aerobic activities and physical activities for the strengthening of muscles and bones amounting to more than 60 minutes per day. However, upon analyzing the physical exercises of boys and girls between 11 and 17 in 146 nations, 81.1 percent was found lacking the amount of exercise recommended by WHO, and Korean students lacking exercise was found to be 94.2%, the highest among 146 countries, in the “worst” category, which shows a serious deficiency of exercise among Korean students internationally. A lack of exercise leads to numerous problems, ranging from overweight-ness, obesity and teenage scoliosis. Scoliosis in particular has no clear prevention method so early detection and treatment due to school screening are the only solution, and through early detection 63 percent of scoliosis which range up to more than 40 degrees can be cured. Taking into consideration the nature of scoliosis in teenagers in their period of growth, a functional training program effective in improving its symptoms through schools or regional facilities, rather than appliances or surgical methods, is necessary. In order to improve the problem of the lack in teenager exercise, an encouragement for physical activities in general and the inducing of behavioral changes are important. After-school programs regarding health run by schools, or the supplying of exercise programs for prevention in approximately 11,000 Taekwondo Studio within Korea, can lead to the formation of exercise programs which is easily accessible by students themselves. By offering an affective functional exercise at an appropriate time, recognition on the importance of health care on the part of students can happen, information can be provided, and these can be used as means of prevention and improvement.
    Keyword:Taekwondo Studio, Teenagers, Health Improvement, Scoliosis, Obesity
  • The purpose of this study was to analyze the movements of the lower extremity joints during a taekwondo kick motion called 'Geodeup Yeopchagi', which was administered to players to improve their balance, stability, and range of motion for the prevention of injuries. The subjects of this study were eight selected skilled practitioners and eight unskilled athletes who had won the national competition from the Poomsae athletes who have been registered with the Korea Taekwondo Association for more than three years. Before entering the experiment, each subject was asked for consent and explained how to proceed with the experiment. Kinematic data were collected by four real-time infrared cameras. The hip joint, knee joint, and ankle joint angles were measured using instruments. Data processing: The statistical process of this study calculated the mean and standard deviation(M ± SD) using Excel 2018, and the statistical program(SPSS 22.0, SPSS Inc., Chicago, IL, USA). The Shapiro-Wilk test was conducted to verify the normality of the collected data. Independent t-test was performed to analyze the effects on the kinematic variables according to the kicks of Taekwondo Poomsae athletes and amateur. test and assay(Mann-Whitney U test) were performed and the significance level of all statistics was set to α = .05. During the 'Geodeup Yeopchagi' kick motion, there were small and inconsistent effects on each joint. The results show ed that the characteristics of the poomsae are to balance the feet when hitting the side kick close t o 170 degrees quickly and to maintain the CoM close to the base and to support the side kick in order to contribute to the stability of the whole body. We indicated that is correct footing is an important factor in minimizing the next deduction factor. This comparative analysis of the taekwondo kicking motion is considered a very valuable study that can provide important information to the training site or school site. Further studies are needed to analyze the difference between the success and failure of the next kick, the required muscle activity, and the various and instantaneous speed of the center of gravity
    Keyword:Taekwondo, Gedeup Yeopchagi, Kick, Biomechanical Analysis, Poomsae
  • The present research strives to offer aid for the prevention and curing of athlete injuries by grasping the cause and cure for sports injuries of Taekwondo Poomsae(A systematic sequence of moves in Korean martial arts) athletes in Korean Universities. For this, an in-dept interview was conducted with 7 college athletes enlisted in the Korea Taekwondo Association presently in 2019, and by taking into account the opinions of research participants and through the comparing and examining of various measures from previous researches, a research result was derived. Firstly, the experience of sports injury among Taekwondo Poomsae athletes in Korean universities was most common during their high school days. Secondly, the technique which causes the most injury among the Poomsae in Taekwondo was found to be training in kicking, namely moves such as Yeopchagi. Thirdly, in Taekwondo Poomsae, in most cases athletes were injured during the training procedure rather than during the competition. Fourthly, after the injury was experienced there was no instance of psychological rehabilitation. Lastly, in order to prevent damage, not only the athlete but also the instructor must cooperate, and a systematic basic health training system, a personal health maintenance system, and new psychological rehabilitation programs for those injured need to be applied. The prevention of accidents can be done by the appropriate practicing of the basic moves and learning of the techniques, an adequate warm up before the competition, a systematic exercising program ’ s planning and training, and care taken by a routine psychological counseling and efforts to avoid a slump. Also, there is the need to accumulate knowledge on the cause of wounds and its prevention, and conduct safety instruction sessions. [
    Keyword:Martial arts, Taekwondo, Poomsae Athlete, Sports Injury, Psychological Rehabilitation
  • The study conducted a survey of 193 taekwondo major on their perceptions of taekwondo internship abroad and found the following results. First, among the factors of the CIPP evaluation model which evaluated the Internship abroad Program of taekwondo, priority was shown in the order of assessment of the situation, output evaluation, input evaluation, and course evaluation. Second, the priority of sub-variable by factor of CIPP evaluation model evaluating the Taekwondo internship abroad program indicated the need for assessment of the situation, survey of assessment of the situation, necessity of assessment of the situation, change in recognition of output valuation, program objectives of assessment of the situation, efficiency of output valuation, human service of input evaluation, satisfaction of output evaluation, result application of output evaluation, evaluation of course evaluation, self-assessment of course evaluation, interaction of course evaluation, program contents of input evaluation, management course of process evaluation, forming atmosphere and promotion of assessment of the situation, operational support of input evaluation, material support of input evaluation, and program application feedback of process evaluation in order. Third, The sub-variable of the assessment of the situation in the analysis results of each factor of Taekwondo internship abroad program using the CIPP evaluation model were in order of demand, recognition survey, necessity, program objectives, atmosphere formation and promotion. The sub-variable of input evaluation were in order of human support, program contents, operational support, and material support. The sub-variable of course evaluation were self-assessment, interaction, management course, evaluation, and program application feedback. The sub-variable of output evaluation were order of change in recognition, efficiency, satisfaction, and result application. The results of this study can be used as basic data for qualitative improvement and improvement of taekwondo internship abroad program, and also provide useful information for career planning and exploration process of Taekwondo majors.
    Keyword:CIPP, Situation Evaluation, Output Evaluation, Input Eevaluation, Course Evaluation
  • Purpose; This study was to investigate the effects of high intensity yong mu do training on maximum muscle strength and yong mu do performance in the aduit males. The participants were divided into two groups: Exercise group(n=15) and Control group(n=15). The high intensity yong mu do training program for 12 weeks. The results of this study were as follows: First, there were significantly increased in harvard step, burpee test, push-up, situp rate. Second, there were significantly increased in kick performance, throwing techniques, self-defense. As conclusions, this study confirmed that the high intensity yong mu do training could improve the maximum muscle strength and yong mu do performance of aduit males.
    Keyword:Yong Mu Do, High Intensity Yong Mu Do Training, Maximum Muscle Strengt, Yong Mu Do Performance, Aduit Males
  • The purpose of this study was to influence of experiential marketing of Judo gym on experiential marketing and exercise participation and this study aims at providing fundamental data and information on Judo gym academy by studying what effects of experiential marketing on experiential satisfaction and exercise participation. The survey was done through 270 copies and excluding 22 copies ran an analysis on the remaining 248(91.9%) copies. After question investigating the data which is collected used IBM SPSS statistics 21 and IBM AMOS 21 program, frequency analysis was used in order to acquire demographic characteristics. Exploratory factor analysis and confirmatory factor analysis, convergent validity, discriminant validity, Cronbach’s α were used in order to verify experiential marketing, experiential satisfaction and exercise participation, and correlation analysis, path analysis through Structural Equation Model(SEM), mediation effect analysis by Sobel test. The result of this study were as follows. First, experiential marketing of Judo gym showed(+) effects on experiential satisfaction. Second, experiential marketing of Judo gym showed(+) effects on exercise participation. Third, experiential satisfaction showed(+) effects on exercise participation. Forth, experiential satisfaction showed mediation effect on experiential marketing of Judo gym and exercise participation. Therefore, Judo gym should actively use experiential marketing activities. So you will have to work to increase your membership.
    Keyword:Judo Gym, Experiential Marketing, Experiential Satisfaction, Exercise Participation, Mediation Effect