All Articles

  • The development and change of advanced technology has brought about changes in almost every sector of the nation and society, and this is the same aspect worldwide. While technological advances have provided convenience in life, crime is also becoming intelligent and emerging in new forms. These changes require new policing needs and the corresponding agility of the police. Despite the worsening environment of law enforcement, such as advanced crime, citizen’s demand for policing is increasing. Therefore, active use of technology has be-come essential for police activities. But we lack budget, infrastructure and attention. The revision of the Police Act provided legal ground for Policing Technology R&D, but systematic research is insufficient. Therefore, the study will assess the status of its and discuss future tasks in Korea.
    Keyword:Policing, Police, Technology, R&D, Crime
  • The importance of understanding suggestibility in forensics increased the empirical research studies on how a number of factors influence suggestibility in children. This paper is to examine the relationship between cognitive factors such as language abilities, memory, theory of mind, creativity, and suggestibility in children. Previous research studies suggested that two categories such as language abilities, when a comprehensive language was measured, and creativity were found to have a consistent relationship with suggestibility. Implication for police officers and psychologists for interviewing children witnesses or victims were discussed.
    Keyword:Cognitive Factor, Suggestibility, Children, Victim, Police Science
  • This study is to analyze the characteristic of the Korean organized crime based on the general characteristic theory of organized crime. This study employs social network analysis to confirm what the characteristics of the Korean organized crime are and how they are linked with in personal, structural, and influential network. The study uses big data related to organized crime that can give implications to us to identify or understand the characteristic of organized crime in Korea. The research uses Web crawler on R project to collect texts related to organized crime from 1990 and 2018 on social media like major newspapers in Korea. This study collects 59,421 words by using Web crawler, but the raw data cannot be analyzed because of unstructured text. The study em-ploys text mining to process natural language and morphological analysis to extract adjectives and nouns. 54,759 are processed as natural languages and then 51,356 are extracted as meaningful and appropriate words for our research by using stemming analysis. The findings of the research illustrate that it is possible to present major characteristics of organized crime in Korea as follows: rational profit through crime, use of force or threat, organized hierarchy continuing, restricted membership, and oversea activity and refuge. These are similar to the characteristics of foreign organized crime, but there are significant differences in size and operation. Although it is hard to compare to the size and operation of Mafia, Triads, and Yakuza, the Korean organized crime apparently has organizational structure, activity, and power like an international organized crime. It is important to be recognized that the Korean organized crime has the potential possibility for developing into an international organized crime.
    Keyword:Policing, Characteristic of Organized Crime, Korea, Big Data, Illegal Business
  • Stalking is a behavior tailing another constantly and repeatedly due to mere unilateral favor to the one even if it is opposed. Victims and assailants of stalking are mostly ‘acquaintances’, particularly ex-dating partners. Victims tend to passively respond to the constant harassment by assailants without informing outside due to own guilty of close ex-relationship, resulting in being victims of violent crimes, including rape, assault and murder. Furthermore, stalking is legally regulated only when it has been constantly committed, was felt as terrifying action, was overtly rejected and was committed with an intention. Thus, such behaviors by assailants with no legal qualification fulfillment are not regulated by law. The thesis would like to identify the notion, features, development condition and punishment upon stalking and to propose a preventive system against it.
    Keyword:Stalking, The Minor Offenses Act, Constant Harassment, Characteristics of Stalking, Punishment for Stalking Act
  • With advances in digital technologies, vast quantities of information have been processed and reported in a digital form. This has resulted in an increase in the scale and number of crimes related to digital information, and the relative importance of digital evidence in criminal proceedings has also increased significantly. In addition, it is a reality that such a huge amount of evidence is confiscated in a digital form at the crime scene and submitted to the court, but digital evidence is still not recognized as satisfactory proof due to its characteristics as well as insufficient legal and institutional support. Likewise, although the importance of digital evidence continues to increase, there is still a lack of research on the technologies and procedures to ensure integrity, such as the prevention of forgery and tampering with acquired digital evidence. Since digital evidence is easily altered, tampered with or destroyed through improper handling, it has been faced with a challenge of securing the reliability of investigation and ensuring its integrity. Therefore, it is required to devise measures to ensure the integrity of digital evidence so that digital evidence can be accepted as legally valid in court. In this regard, this study proposed a method to guarantee the integrity of digital evidence by using blockchain technology that allows all nodes in the network to share distributed database securely with-out the use of a central server, and thus can prevent the forgery and tampering with data. The use of this method is expected to reduce the time and cost burden, while ensuring a high level of integrity.
    Keyword:Policing, Digital Evidence, Integrity, Blockchain, Crime
  • The thesis recognizes and proposes an effective measures to prevent the recently occurring dating violence and their following secondary victimizations. Therefore, case analysis of dating violence and their following secondary victimization states as follows. First, by transition of recognitions on dating violence as crimes, reports by people should be activated and active intervention by judicial authorities should be enabled. Second, legislations should be amended to enable intensive penalties against a ssailants and to ensure personal protections. Third, by adopting One Stop system, rapid handling of affairs and protection and support of victims should be enabled. Lastly, development and utilization of a crime preventive smart watch should be prepared to enable 24 hours protection of victims
    Keyword:Dating Violence, Secondary Victimization, Recidivism, Case Analysis, Smart Watch
  • Purpose; The purpose of this study is to examine and analyze the English ability and operation status of the Korean tourism police officers, to find out the problems, and to find out more effective tourism police officer’s English ability according to the characteristics of the tourism police. For this purpose, we examined the English ability of the tourism police officers who are performing actual work, and analyzed the importance of English ability in accordance with some of the representative cases in tourist attractions around the world. Also, this study analyzed the problems and difficulties of English language ability that tourism police officers consider to be important in real work environment in order to make improvements in current English test and education system. As a result of examining the cases of foreign tourism police, the most common case of English utterance is when they need to give help in solving the inconveniences of foreign tourists while enjoying the visit in tourist attractions. The necessity of English was most emphasized in speaking and listening to the basic vocabulary and expressions used by foreign tourists, and the difference of accent by culture was one of the factors that caused difficulties in mutual communication. The main topic of communication between foreign tourists and tourism police officers was mainly on asking and responding to directions, giving some explanation of the tourism sites, taking complaints of various inconveniences around the attraction spots. Therefore, it is necessary to design the test and curriculum for a special purpose English required by the tourism police in order to meet the actual work condition.
    Keyword:Policing, Tourism Police, ESP, English Proficiency, Functional Use