About the Journal

The International Journal of Protection, Security, and Investigation (IJPSI) is a peer-reviewed journal that publishes 2 issues per year, offering empirical research articles, policy reports, case studies to offer readers with up-to-date information regarding all aspects of security and protection. The journal provides a platform for discussion and exchange of information among scholars, practitioners, private security officers, and policymakers, by publishing scholarly papers pertaining to crime, crime prevention, public policy, contemporary security and protection systems, investigation procedures, and national security in the countries of Asia-Pacific and North America.
The International Journal of Protection, Security, and Investigation highlights the origins, patterns, causes, motivations, trends of security issues. The journal includes studies from a broad variety of methodological approaches such as quantitative, qualitative, historical, and comparative methods. The International Journal of Protection, Security, and Investigation provides researchers, practitioners, and policymakers the opportunity to learn from the experiences, policies, programs and perspectives of their colleagues from around the world and to use that new information in their own work. To that end, the journal encompasses contributions from a wide range of disciplines, including criminology, computer science, engineering, economics, forensic investigation, health sciences, history, homeland security, political science, psychology, psychiatry, social anthropology, social work, sociology, and urban studies.

Academic Area & Scope

Area 1 Multidisciplinary Science
Area 2 Social Science, Interdisciplinary
Area 3 Health Care Science & Services

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  • Purpose: The present research attempted to find whether there was any relevance between integrative play therapeutic counseling programs and the lessening of depression among the elderly who had experienced a sexually inequal society, and whether the experiment group which took part had different results from that which did not take part. Method: The research targeted the 24 elderly people over 63 years of age and divided them into an experiment group of 11 and a control group of 13. The program happened 12 times in 90 minute intervals. The data was handled with the SPSS 18.0 program and was analysed using the covariance method with the prior score for depression serving as the covariate. After the program was done, 2 of the experiment group members were used for personal case studies. Results: First, the experiment group which took part in the therapeutic program displayed a meaningful decrease in the depression level while the control group which did not take part had no meaningful changes. Second, in the personal case study it was found that the present program is effective in lessening depression. Conclusion: First, the cognitive distortion and self management skills were expounded upon, which led to the decrease in depression level. Second, it was found that they were mostly professional retirees and the well educated who had teaching occupations. Third, the figure play with family symbols was shown to be a desirable activity in determining the understanding of self and the dynamics between family members. Fifth, at the end of each interval the elders shared empathy and support for each other and repeatedly cried “Let’s put our best foot forward now and today”. Sixth, in the activity in which a distorted cognitive structure was reformed, the messages of comfort and reinforcement also affected the outcome. Seventh, the present program has the effect of decreasing the depression level of the elderly, and may provide preliminary data in developing a program on depression of the elderly in the future.
    Keyword:Elderly, Depression, Integrative Play Therapeutic Program, Counseling, Program
  • Purpose: As consumers' interest in skin beauty has increased recently, the market size of the skin beauty care business also shows a rapid growth. According to these social demands, the base of the population using skin beauty salons is expanding, and the beauty industry is also rapidly actively using Naturopathy. Therefore, this study conducted an analysis of the perception and utilization satisfaction of naturopathy perceived by skin beauty industry workers. Method: In this study, 246 subjects were sampled by the convenience and judgmental sampling among the non-probability sampling methods. The analysis of the data was carried out by multiple regression analysis to understand the relationship between the perception of naturopathy and the satisfaction of use of the skin beauty industry workers. The statistical level was verified at the p<.05 level. Results: In multiple regression analysis conducted to investigate the relationship between perception and satisfaction on naturopathy, regression models were all statistically significant in social satisfaction, educational satisfaction, physical satisfaction, psychological satisfaction, and rest satisfaction. educational perception had a great influence on social satisfaction, and it was found that in educational satisfaction, the higher the educational perception, the higher the influence, in physical satisfaction, the higher the educational perception, the higher the influence, and in the result of psychological satisfaction analysis, the higher the educational perception, the higher the influence. Conclusion: Naturopathy is a way to achieve health intervention through the enhancement of the body's natural healing force without the use of surgery or chemotherapy to restore the human body's insufficient function. Therefore, In the skin beauty industry as well, along with beauty management, naturopathy is used to improve customer satisfaction and services, and it is a point in time that its utilization as a new field of the skin beauty industry is attracting attention. The results of this study inform us that the perception of natural healing perceived by the skin beauty industry workers and their utilization are positively changing according to the changing circumstances of the times.
    Keyword:Skin Beauty Industry Workers, Naturopathy, Convergence, Perception , Satisfaction, Health Intervention
  • Purpose: Currently, the beauty/health industry is playing a public role in implementing changes in various consumer markets. In this central role, there are workers who work in the beauty/health industry, and they play the role of mediators seeking health and beauty. Therefore, this study attempts to verify the experience of workers according to the change in the occupational field of the beauty/health industry with a grounded theory, and investigate a strategy for responding to future occupations. Method: In the selection of research participants in this study, a sample was extracted by adopting purposeful sampling, snowball sampling, which is one of the non‐probability of artificially sampling the subjects who can contribute to the development of the theory of the research. The research procedure went through five steps: selection of research questions, selection of research participants and data collection, analysis of data, interpretation of data, and report of research results. A theoretical sample was extracted through the procedures of open coding, axial coding, and selective coding to find key categories and classify them by type. Results: In the process of naming concepts and confirming the attributes and dimensions of categories through continuous questioning and comparative analysis based on data obtained from participants, 95 concepts, 37 subcategories, and 21 categories were identified. Accordingly, with regard to the attitude of acceptance and the search for change, there are four types in classification such as ‘innovators' who are active in change, the ‘early majority' who pursues economic benefits first, and the ‘late majority’ who do not ignore the innovation itself but join late, and ‘laggards', which ignore change or innovation itself. Conclusion: In terms of job acceptance attitude, there are diverse variables such as job satisfaction, career attitude, and acceptance intention. In this study, it was confirmed that participants' attitudes toward change in occupational field of beauty/health industry can be expressed in various ways. Through the results of this study, it is meaningful that this study may present basic information on strategies and methods to cope with changes of the beauty/health industry in the future.
    Keyword:Experience, Job Convergence, Beauty, Health Industry, Grounded Theory
  • Purpose: This study is a descriptive research study to investigate the effect of convergence evaluation method of fundamental nursing practice education using peer and faculty evaluation on learning attitude, self-leadership and academic self-efficacy of nursing students. Method: The Data was collected from 100 nursing students from April 18, 2019 to June 14, 2019. A total of 94 questionnaires were analyzed using descriptive statistics, t-test, a one way ANOVA, Pearson correlation coefficient, multiple linear regression with stepwise method. Results: The result of the learning attitude was average point 3.73, self-leadership was 3.82, and academic self-efficacy was 3.35. Learning attitude was positively correlated with self leadership and academic self-efficacy, self leadership was positively correlated with academic self-efficacy. The factors affecting learning attitude was self leadership, academic self-efficacy. The evaluation method of fundamental nursing practice education affected the learning attitude, self-leadership and academic self-efficacy of nursing students, explanatory was 45%. Conclusion: The fundamental nursing practice convergence evaluation method using faculty and peer evaluation was found to correlate with and affect learning attitude, self-leadership, and academic self-efficacy. Therefore, Various teaching and learning strategies will be needed to improve skills by identifying nursing students.
    Keyword:Attitude, Education, Leadership, Nursing, Efficacy
  • Purpose: This study was carried out to evaluate the protective effects of Hypsizygus marmoreus extract against sodium dodecyl sulfate-induced atopic dermatitis-like skin lesions in vivo. Methods: Six-week-old NC/Nga mice were divided into a control group(Ctrl), atopic dermatitis induction group(ADIG), and H. marmoreus extract feeding group after atopic dermatitis induction(HTFG). After 3 weeks, cannabinoid receptors type 1(CB1) and type 2(CB2), and the orphan G protein-coupled receptor 55(GPR55) levels were observed to verify the modulation of the endocannabinoid system activity, whereas filaggrin and kallikrein-related peptidase(KLK) 7 expression in the stratum corneum and protease activated receptor(PAR)-2 expression in the interstitial space of epithelial tissue were observed to verify the inhibition of inflammation. Furthermore, phosphorylated extracellular signal-related kinase(p-ERK), phosphorylated mammalian target of rapamycin(p-mTOR), and E-cadherin levels were studied to verify microenvironmental regulation. Results: Expression of CB1, CB2, and GPR55 was significantly increased in HTFG as compared to that in ADIG. The positive reaction of filaggrin in the stratum corneum was significantly higher in HTFG than in ADIG. KLK7 and PAR-2 positivity in HTFG were significantly reduced as compared to those in ADIG. The p-ERK-positive and p-mTOR-positive reactions in HTFG were significantly reduced as compared to those in ADIG. Conclusion: H. marmoreus extract has a beneficial effect on the epithelium barrier function and can inhibit the progression of atopic dermatitis.
    Keyword:Hypsizygus Marmoreus, Atopic Dermatitis, Endocrine System, Filaggrin, Lipid Barrier
International Journal of Protection, Security & Investigation ISSN 2423-8368


SUBMISSION 2/10 5/10 8/10 11/10
REVIEW 2/20 5/20 8/20 11/20
ACCEPTED 2/25 5/25 8/25 11/25
PUBLISHED 3/30 6/30 9/30 12/30



Jaebum Lee [Operator]

Myongji University, South Korea.
[Curriculum Vitae]

Vice President

Jaeyong Woo Nagano University, Japan
Hyangju Lee Daegu Haany University, South Korea

Editor in Chief

Shouyan Tang

Lingnan Normal University, China
[Curriculum Vitae]


Eunjung Kim General Affairs Yongin University, South Korea
Sinchul Back Research University of Scranton, USA
Sadhika Soor Intelligence Florida International University, USA
Daewoon Kim Management Griffith University, Australia
LaPrade Jennifer Planning University of Texas, USA
loannis Tellidis International Kyunghee University, South Korea

Editor in Director

󠇛Dongho Lim

Dongbang Culture University, South Korea
[Curriculum Vitae]

Sangbum Lee

National Association of Mayors of Korea, South Korea
[Curriculum Vitae]

Editor in Administrator

Heonju Ha Dongbang Culture University, South Korea
Aeri Lee Catholic Kwandong University, South Korea
Jumyong Kim Dongbang Culture University, South Korea
Eungyeol Na Dongbang Culture University, South Korea
Yeonsu Byeon Korea Health Qigong Association, South Korea
Chanhyung Lee Myounji University, South Korea
Duckwon Chae Wonkwang University, South Korea
Hyuktal Cho Korea Society of Functional Adjustment Procedure, South Korea
Heejung We Dankook University, South Korea
Taeyong Cho Catholic Kwandong University, South Korea
Ilhoon Yang Konkuk University, South Korea
Jongyeol Hwang K-Beauty Specialist Association, South Korea
Jihyung Song K-Beauty Specialist Association, South Korea
Byeongjin Park Korea Society of Functional Adjustment Procedure, South Korea
Chunyong Lee Korea Health Qigong Association, South Korea
Katsuk Yabiku Ryukyus University, Japan
Naok Hirata Okinawa Recovery Center, Japan
Minfen Liu China International Hyperthermia Association, Taiwan
Ingeum Yeo Wonkwang University, South Korea
Heonjong You Korean Academic Society for Motion Taping, South Korea
Jungmin Oh Dongbang Culture University, South Korea
Dong Liang International Health Qigong Association, China


2015 JUN. 30 International Society for Protective Security Established by Dr. T. Kim
DEC. 05 Inaugural General Meeting
2016 FEB. 05 International Journal of Protection, Security & Investigation (ISSN 2423-8368)
JUN. 30 First Journal Publication (378 Tenjinchou Kamimaruko Nakaharaku Kawasakishi Kangawhken Japan)
OCT. 11 Digital Object Identifier (DOI)
Google Scholar
2018 JUN. 30 Move Permissions Branch Operator Dr. S. Jo
2019 APR. 08 Journal Title Suggestion Scopus
APR. 30 I2OR
MAY. 07 ProQuest
JUN. 30 Journal Publication Change Address (2-20-7 Arakawa Arakawaku Tokyo Japan)
2020 JUN. 30 Move Permissions Branch Operator Dr. J. Lee
DEC. 30 International Journal of Protection, Security & Investigation Title Alteration: Protection Convergence (ISSN 2436-1151)