About the Journal

The Protection Convergence is a peer-reviewed journal that publishes 4 issues per year, offering empirical research articles, policy reports, case studies to offer readers with up-to-date information regarding all aspects of protection. The journal provides a platform for discussion and exchange of information among scholars, practitioners, private security officers, and policymakers, by publishing scholarly papers pertaining to Protection.
The Protection Convergence highlights the origins, patterns, causes, motivations, trends of issues. The journal includes studies from a broad variety of methodological approaches such as quantitative, qualitative, historical, and comparative methods. The Protection Convergence provides researchers, practitioners, and policymakers the opportunity to learn from the experiences, policies, programs and perspectives of their colleagues from around the world and to use that new information in their own work. To that end, the journal encompasses contributions from a wide range of disciplines, including health care, beauty, physiotherapy, securiy, computer science, administration, economics, forensic investigation, health sciences, history, homeland security, political science, psychology, psychiatry, social anthropology, social welfare, social work, sociology, and urban studies.

Academic Area & Scope

Area 1 Multidisciplinary Science
Area 3 Health Care Science & Services

Latest Articles

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  • Purpose: Terahertz technology can be easily applied in various fields beyond the laboratory level with the background of modern advanced technology, and the outlook is highly anticipated as a technology with high utilization. This study attempts to look at the characteristics of terahertz waves and check the applied technology currently being used.. Method: This study was conducted to explore the research trend of hyperthermia and the characteristics of terahertz waves, and to find out the counter strategies that can be used for the protection of human body. To achieve this purpose, this study analyzed 40 recent academic studies provided by Korea Education & Research Information Service(KERIS) and DBpia, as well as terahertz science and technology studies of semantic scholars, and analyzed and considered the contents judged to be consistent with this study. Results: Recently, various treatments are being implemented in parallel from the perspective of holistic therapy in Korea. In particular, for effective cancer treatment, various treatment methods are being implemented independently or in combination, and the thermotherapy is a trend showing synergistic effects of parallel therapy. In addition, the treatment and research of biological mechanism of terahertz waves confirmed the possibility that it could be presented as a complex and multifunctional new concept system for testing, diagnosis, and treatment for chronic diseases. Conclusion: This study attempted to analyze in several ways the efficacy and utilization of hyperthermia and terahertz waves in human body. Through this study, it was confirmed that the terahertz science and technology are getting more and more attention around the world. In the future, it is expected that further research will be expanded through many experiments to use the terahertz wave generator as a treatment system, and that it will play an important role in a wide variety of applications.
    Keyword:Effectiveness, Utilization, Terahertz Waves, Protection, Human Body
  • Purpose: Humans have a culture of decorating themselves for a long time. The Egyptians, with the oldest makeup history, protected their bodies with makeup, as you can see through the theory of Protective rumor. Also became a means of expressing beauty, and gradually became a makeup for women. As the gender role of modern society has changed, not only women but also men are creating a culture of beauty through various media. Among them, we investigated the culture and makeup characteristics of drag queens. Method: Reinterpreted drag queen makeup using images and psychology shown in colors. The study of drag queens is as follows. First, organize the concept of drag queens. It identifies and organizes aesthetic characteristics of drag queens. Second, images are organized according to the concepts of color and color body. Third, we reinterpret the makeup by selecting the characteristics of drag queen makeup and the resulting color image. This method was analyzed through a prior study focusing on drag queens. Results: Work 1 is expressed with pink color as a base to maximize femininity on the male face with exaggeration. In work 2, a wig was used to express the humorousness with kitsch, and red color was used as the base. Artwork 3 expresses splendor with a gold color as a base to express splendor with imitative nature. Overall, the makeup was performed by a man as a model, and expressed feelings such as exaggerated femininity and protective instincts to suit the characteristics of Drag Queen. Conclusion: In modern times, cremation is an act of representing individual identity and community identity. Also, makeup is being used in various ways, such as protecting the skin or covering problem skin. Looking at the drag queen makeup, it is necessary to maximize the feminine beauty through the male face, so the makeup method can damage the skin, so the skin was protected as much as possible and makeup was performed, and femininity was expressed with colors.
    Keyword:Drag, Drag Queen, Makeup, Makeup Protection, Color Reproduction
  • Purpose: This study reviewed the facility modernization support project and the market management innovation support project that the Korean government has been promoting to vitalize the traditional market. Based on this, the achievements and limitations of the traditional market protection and promotion were investigated, and based on the market status analysis, a policy task proposal was attempted to foster the traditional market. Method: This study aimed to find out what direction the countermeasure strategy should take to protect and foster Korea's traditional market. In order to achieve this research objective, first, data of the online research reports of Korea Research Institute for Local Administration(KRILA) was reviewed, and statistical data of the Small Enterprise and Market Service(SEMAS) related to the Korean traditional market was collected to confirm the current policy process. Results: First, study proposed reinforcing urban regeneration strategy and integration frame, strengthening cooperation with large retailers and promoting regional growth strategies, etc. as a policy task to foster traditional markets. Reinforcement of urban regeneration strategies and integrated frames incorporates urban development strategies and place-centered strategies of traditional markets to foster regional integration that establishes identity, diverse economic and cultural spaces as the center of the local community. Second, The promotion of regional customized growth strategies proposed the construction of continuous growth strategies considering the unique characteristics of traditional markets depending on their location or conditions. Conclusion: The protection and fostering of traditional markets shall be promoted in an integrated aspect of regional development on the basis of clearly establishing policy goals for enhancing competitiveness. In the case of policies that restrict the consumer class to simply residents within local governments, the competitiveness of traditional markets can be reduced and the chances of survival can be threatened. Therefore, sustainable development will be guaranteed when policies are established to absorb potential consumers through cooperation between urban development and the distribution economy.
    Keyword:Policy Tasks, Protect, Foster, Traditional Market, Continuous Growth Strategies
  • Purpose: This study was conducted in order to examine the relations among the recognition, happiness and appearance satisfaction of jewelry therapy participant women and find out which structural effect appearance satisfaction as mediation effect has on feeling of happiness. Method: Study participants are 152 women in their 30s~ 60s purchased color jewelry at the jewelry shopping mall in Jongrogu, Republic of Korea and they were selected in a way of purposive sampling as the ones subject to the analysis of this study. Second, in order to analyze relationship which recognition and appearance satisfaction influence on the happiness, Multiple Regression Analysis is conducted. First, Structural Equation Modeling(SEM) is set in order to verify mediating effect of structural relations of each variables and appearance satisfaction variables and the assessment of model fitness and path coefficient between variables is conducted. Fifth, positive statistical analysis verifies at the p<.05 level. Results: First, in examining the result of multiple regression analysis in terms of the effect of participants’ recognition and appearance satisfaction to happiness, it is discovered that, to the happiness, physical recognition, social recognition, educational recognition and appearance satisfaction are statistically significant but psychological recognition is not. Second, it is discovered that appearance satisfaction works as significant mediation effect between the recognition and happiness. In other words, it is discovered that the recognition, an external variable, has a significant effect on appearance satisfaction, an internal variable. Conclusion: Through this study, we can see that the recognition of women participating in jewelry therapy has positive effect not only on appearance satisfaction but also happiness with appearance satisfaction as mediation variable. That result of this study is significant in that it provides basic information of psychological health relations with which emotional response can be scientifically analyzed and utilized in the reality which lacks objective evaluation standard for jewelry therapy
    Keyword:Psychological Health, Perception, Appearance Satisfaction, Happiness, Jewelry Therapy
  • Purpose: This article examines China's military rise in the Asia Pacific region and the US-led response, based on its global strategy." This paper suggests that China's military rise is based on defensive realism as opposed to offensive realism. The basic assumption of this paper is that the US strategy has the goal of counterbalancing China's expansionism. The US response to China's expansionism is to check China's military rise as a superpower by strengthening its network of alliances in the Indo-Pacific region and Northeast Asia. In the Indo-Pacific region, the US has attempted to check China using the QUAD-Plus(Quadrilateral Security Dialogue with Japan, India, and Australia + Newzealand, South Korea, and Vietnam) which is a sea-based form of security cooperation. Method: In this effort, the article uses a framework of international politics based on the theory of realism, which stresses the salience of "survival," "the maximization of national interest," and "self-help. A realist's perspective of the world rests on the following assumptions: the pursuit of survival, maximization of interests, and self-help. Defensive realists try to preserve power, rather than increasing it as the main goal of states. China's self-assertion in the South China Sea has been galvanized by the survival mindset against the US containment policy toward China. Results: China's self-assertion in the South China Sea has been galvanized by the survival mindset against the US containment policy toward China. China's survival can be better secured by the occupation of the South China Sea to protect its sea lines of communication. China's militarization of the South China Sea and its military build-up can be illustrated as a self-help project for the maximization of its security interest in the Indo-Pacific region. Conclusion: In this article, I have reached the following conclusions. China's military rise is based on defensive realism, not offensive realism. The basic assumption of this paper is that the US strategy is aiming at the counterbalance of China's expansionism. First, The US response to China's expansionism is to check China's military rise as a superpower with the network of alliance-making in the Indo-Pacific region and Northeast Asia. Second, China tries to build a military facility in the South China Sea to maximize its interest in terms of energy, fish, and security. Third, China's military build-up can be illustrated as self-help to meet the balance with the US formidable military might. In the Indo-Pacific region, the US tries to check China through the QUAD-PLUS.
    Keyword:US Global Strategy, China's Military Rise, Counterbalance, Realism(Offensive and Defensive), The QUAD Plus, South China Sea
International Journal of Protection, Security & Investigation ISSN 2423-8368


Submission 2/10 5/10 8/10 11/10
Editorial Review 2/12 5/12 8/12 11/12
Peer Review 2/20 5/20 8/20 11/20
Review-Form Reflection Review 2/23 5/23 8/23 11/23
Accepted 2/25 5/25 8/25 11/25
Manuscript Editing Review 2/30 5/30 8/30 11/30
Open & Hybrid Review 3/15 6/15 9/15 11/15
Published 3/30 6/30 9/30 12/30



Jaebum Lee

Myongji University, South Korea.
[Curriculum Vitae]

Vice President

Hyangju Lee Daegu Haany University, South Korea


Heejung We General Affairs Dankook University, South Korea
Yeonsu Byeon Intelligence Korea Health Qigong Association, South Korea
Chanhyung Lee Management Myounji University, South Korea
Eungyeol Na Planning Dongbang Culture University, South Korea
Heonju Ha International Dongbang Culture University, South Korea

Research Chairperson

Sungwoo Sim

Baekseok Arts University, South Korea
[Curriculum Vitae]

Editor in Chief

Shouyan Tang

Lingnan Normal University, China
[Curriculum Vitae]

Editor in Director

󠇛Dongho Lim

Dongbang Culture University, South Korea
[Curriculum Vitae]

Sangbum Lee

National Association of Mayors of Korea, South Korea
[Curriculum Vitae]

Sanghyuk Moon

Baekseok Arts University, South Korea
[Curriculum Vitae]

Editor in Administrator

Jumyong Kim Dongbang Culture University, South Korea
Taeyong Cho Catholic Kwandong University, South Korea
Ilhoon Yang Konkuk University, South Korea
Ingeum Yeo Wonkwang University, South Korea
Jungmin Oh Dongbang Culture University, South Korea
Xuefeng Bai Keimyung University, South Korea
loannis Tellidis Kyunghee University, South Korea
Nandintsetseg Sosorbaram Soongsil University, South Korea
John A. Johnson Keimyung University, South Korea
Tahka Benice Leinyuy Gyeongsang National University, South Korea
Sheena Gritens University of Missouri, USA
Jenny Town US-Korea Institute at SAIS, USA
Youngyol Y. Schanz Slippery Rock University, USA
Sadhika Soor Florida International University, USA
Chen Jim National Defense University, USA
Greggory J. Favre University of Maryland, USA
LaPrade Jennifer University of Texas, USA
Chunsu Yuan The University of Chicago, USA
Wendy Dressler Florida International University, USA
Madhuri Sharma Florida International University, USA
Mohammed Ayedh Alqahtani Florida International University, USA
Byongook Moon University of Texas at San Antonio, USA
Raymond D. Partin Florida International University, USA
Chengjian Lee Peking University, China
Yongai Zhang Xi’an Medical University, China
Haoqiu Jiang Peking University, China
Artemyeva Marina University of International Business and Economics, China
Linlin Wnag Shanghai University, China
Inhye An Renmin University of China, China
Monthinee Teeramungcalanon Peking University, China
Naruth Teeramungcalanon University of International Business and Economics, China
Tamunang Tamutana Timothy Zhengzhou Normal University, China
Shouping Li Beijing Institute of Technology, China
Zheng Jin Zhengzhou Normal University, China
Supachai Teeramungcalanon University of International Business and Economics, China
Zhongxuan Jin Shenyang Sport University, China
Dong Liang International Health Qigong Association, China
Shunzhe Piao Shenyang Sport University, China
Xi Haixu Jiangsu University of Technology, China
Xuemei Zhao Shanghai University of Sport, China
Katsuk Yabiku Ryukyus University, Japan
Naok Hirata Okinawa Recovery Center, Japan
Mariko Nakamura Chuo University, Japan
Jaeyong Woo Nagano University, Japan
Minfen Liu China International Hyperthermia Association, Taiwan
Weisheng Chiu The Open University of Hong Kong, Hong
Hojin Chung Nanyang Technological University, Singapore
Alistair Harkness Federation University Australia, Australia
George Van Doorn Federation University Australia, Australia
Jacqueline Z. Wilson Federation University Australia, Australia
Mark Button University of Portsmouth, UK
Bonggyu Chae London School of Economics and Political Science, UK
Graham Brooks University of Wolverhampton, UK
Kathryn Haynes University of Hull, UK
Bankole Cole Sheffield Hallam University, UK
Helen Johnston University of Hull, UK
Chuluunbat Sharkhuu Law Enforcement University, Mongolia
Laura Stoelers University of Malaga, Spain
Hyunwoo Kim Osnabrück University, Germany
Julianne Oh Royal Military College of Canada, Canada
Jaegeun Kim University of Alberta, Canada
Jinhyeob Kwak University of Alberta, Canada
Lira Yoon University of Alberta, Canada
Sandip Kumar Mishra Jawaharlal Nehru University, India
Aswati Hamzah University Sains Malaysia, Malaysia
Melany Natividad Saint Louis University, Philippines
Abu Musa Mohammad Arif Billah University of Dhaka, Bangladesh
Shakila Yacob University of Malaya, Malaysia
Jaebum Son Los Andes University, Columbia


2015 JUN. 30 International Society for Protective Security Established by Dr. T. Kim
DEC. 05 Inaugural General Meeting
2016 FEB. 05 International Journal of Protection, Security & Investigation (ISSN 2423-8368)
JUN. 30 First Journal Publication (378 Tenjinchou Kamimaruko Nakaharaku Kawasakishi Kangawhken Japan)
OCT. 11 Digital Object Identifier (DOI)
Google Scholar
2018 JUN. 30 Move Permissions Branch Operator Dr. S. Jo
2019 APR. 08 Journal Title Suggestion Scopus
APR. 30 I2OR
MAY. 07 ProQuest
JUN. 30 Journal Publication Change Address (2-20-7 Arakawa Arakawaku Tokyo Japan)
2020 JUN. 30 Move Permissions Branch Operator Dr. J. Lee
DEC. 30 International Journal of Protection, Security & Investigation Title Alteration: Protection Convergence (ISSN 2436-1151)
2021 JUN. 30 Move Permissions Branch Operator Dr. S. Jo
JUL. 01 Journal Publication Change Address (59, Cheongsu-ro 24-gil, Suseong-gu, Daegu, South Korea)