About the Journal

The International Journal of Protection, Security, and Investigation (IJPSI) is a peer-reviewed journal that publishes 2 issues per year, offering empirical research articles, policy reports, case studies to offer readers with up-to-date information regarding all aspects of security and protection. The journal provides a platform for discussion and exchange of information among scholars, practitioners, private security officers, and policymakers, by publishing scholarly papers pertaining to crime, crime prevention, public policy, contemporary security and protection systems, investigation procedures, and national security in the countries of Asia-Pacific and North America.
The International Journal of Protection, Security, and Investigation highlights the origins, patterns, causes, motivations, trends of security issues. The journal includes studies from a broad variety of methodological approaches such as quantitative, qualitative, historical, and comparative methods. The International Journal of Protection, Security, and Investigation provides researchers, practitioners, and policymakers the opportunity to learn from the experiences, policies, programs and perspectives of their colleagues from around the world and to use that new information in their own work. To that end, the journal encompasses contributions from a wide range of disciplines, including criminology, computer science, engineering, economics, forensic investigation, health sciences, history, homeland security, political science, psychology, psychiatry, social anthropology, social work, sociology, and urban studies.

Academic Area & Scope

Area 1 Multidisciplinary Science
Area 2 Social Science, Interdisciplinary
Area 3 Health Care Science & Services

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  • In order for defamation to be established, the abuser must be intentional or negligent, and in Article 709 of the Japanese Civil Code, the infringement of rights is required to establish tort. In principle, there is no problem in this respect from the standpoint of personality rights. Because illegality is required in the establishment of illegal acts, and acts that infringe on the right to personality are illegal in principle, so defamation is established unless there is a reason for illegality. It is explained that nominal damages are not recognized in Japan under the English-American Law, but recent cases have been recognized in the field of privacy rights to recognize nominal damages. The problem is that in Japan, the infringement of the honorary personality of the deceased in relation to the legal interests of the defamation charges in Japan is a direct protection theory. It is classified and explained. Direct protection theory thinks that indirect protection is insufficient, and actively discusses the possibility of recognizing the personality of the person as its own legal interest. That is to say, even a messenger must possess personal value and claim that the infringement of that value must be protected by law. The Korean Civil Law is generally regarded as extinguished due to the loss of the subject due to the provisions of Article 3 and the nature of the right of personality, which is a perpetual right. However, if the copyright law and the criminal law provide for the protection of the personal right of the person, and if it is impossible to prohibit the acts such as defaming the honor of the person, the human rights and dignity of the constitutional law cannot be guaranteed. In addition, today's rapid development of mass media often damages the copyright or honor of the victim, and the practical necessity to recognize the personality is also recognized.
    Keyword:Protection of the Personal Rights, The Defamation, Tort, Social Evaluation, Public Interest
  • This study was intended to explore feasible development measures based on the expertise of local councilors as a way to enhance the professionalism of local parliament. As an alternative, it proposed the establishment of a local council institute. The local council institute is thought to be a realistic measure to secure the expertise of local councilors as it can compensate for the limitations that the current legal and institutional aspects have, reduce the financial burden of local governments, and facilitate the development of agreements between local residents and politicians. This common support system for local council activities may be more effective than securing individual expertise in that it allows us to look at both the macroscopic(wide) and microscopic(basic) perspectives and the similarities and differences that the region has. It will also be able to better understand regional issues by actively utilizing local talent and effectively respond to problems in the community by consolidating networks of local universities, civic groups and local experts. If the final voting body, the local council, receives more diverse and specialized policy support and information to resolve complex and diverse regional problems, the local council will make more reasonable decisions. If these decisions can eventually improve the quality of life for local residents, they should seek feasible practical ways to secure the expertise of local council.
    Keyword:Main Control: Local Councilors, Local Council, Local Autonomy, Local Parliament, Local Experts
  • The fundamental question to reflect on sex trade is whether it is the sex trade itself or the various laws, systems and concepts that regulate sex trade that are serious and dangerous to women's human rights. It has not been historically proven that the policy of criminalizing sex trade is effective in reducing or eradicating it. Rather, it would be said that the criminalization policy against prostitution is causing the formation of another system of suppressing women in prostitution. After a brief review of each country's legislative history on the regulation of prostitution and the legislation policies on prostitution, the problems of the Sex Trade Punishment Act were reviewed focusing on the above decision. First of all, the current law on the punishment of prostitution in Korea is not completely prohibited nor legal regulatory, but a half-hearted form. The purpose of the law on the punishment of prostitution seems to be "banal," but it defines sex sellers as "a kind of victim of prostitution." The reality is that there is no legal or institutional measure to follow up on the sex trade. It is also a ambiguity of its purpose. Sound sexuality and morality are determined on the basis of the general not only of members of society, but also of very abstract, ideological, and obscure concepts that change according to times, places, circumstances and values, and even how one can define them is questionable. The Sex Trade Punishment Law uses the National Penalty Act to secure the sex trend, and solving immoral and antisocial behavior by punishment changes according to changes in social values, and even if the standard is vague, the state cannot exercise its penal rights based on moral values, and even if it recognizes the protection law of sexuality, it is difficult to see the grave danger of sexuality, which is the protection law.
    Keyword:Protection of Sex Moral, Anti Prostitution Act, An Act of Prostitution, Decriminalization, Sexual Self-Determination
  • Organizational researchers need to show managers that there is a wide network of values and interests that can contribute to the organization's goals, but they have tried to show only one ‘truth’ based primarily on the management's perspective. The focuses of organization theories need to keep step with demographic changes in workplaces since demography is an essential variable in those theories. This essay discusses how those theories need to be changed along with increasing cultural and ethnic diversity in workplaces. In sum, control-oriented management and outcome-oriented leadership theories by themselves have limited implications for cultural and ethnic diversity in workplaces. This is because those theories were conceived on the assumption that workforces are homogeneous and can be integrated in terms of culture and ethnicity. Cultural and ethnic diversity runs counter to conventional wisdom that managers can directly control employees through predesigned patterns and structure. The negative effects of such diversity are produced through the psychological process of identity formation. However, due to the complexity and subjectivity of the process, managers have a limited capability of controlling the process directly. Hence, control-oriented management theories need to be supplemented by leadership theories focusing on motivation and indirect influences. To draw better leadership, leadership theorists also need to put more emphasis on energizing organizational members to share organizational values and visions through social architecture than to peruse self-interested rational rewards. The essay suggests implications for two kinds of research: descriptive and prescriptive research. The first section discusses what perspectives researchers need to have in order to describe cultural and ethnic diversity, and the second section examines what theories researchers need to employ in order to prescribe the solution of diversity problems.
    Keyword:Leadership Theory, Management Theory, Workplace, Diversity, Postmodernism
  • The reality is that despite the increasing area of green areas along with the diverse urban development phenomena, the area of green areas has been reduced relatively Daegu, Korea, causing various social and environmental problems. In response, the city of Daegu considered a plan to create a pocket park using protective water, which is an important factor, in order to expand the insufficient green area even a little. The Act on Urban Parks and Green Sites, etc. provides protection water pocket parks as shown in Table 17. First, based on the analysis factors and the criteria for formation, the creation of a pocket park based on the location can be divided into rural and urban types. In the case of rural types, 1 type of materials that can create protected water will be the preferred target for the village entrance or if located inside the village. 2 Natural green areas can be created first. 3 There is a high possibility of the formation of linked land if it is farmland or forest. For urban types, areas with minimal noise generation(1, 2 lanes) could be preferred. 5 In the form of flat land and structured land, 6 residential areas will be able to create urban rest areas. 7 In particular, for urban types, it was deemed that not far from the side of the road or on the side of the road was suitable for the requirements of the location of the formation for the simple resting or resting space of pedestrians. Second, for land-related matters, it is deemed appropriate to apply the area below the average effective area(1,854 square meters) and below to create a pocket park utilizing protected water space. In addition, further research on securing raw space for future protected water pipe widths will need to be carried out. 2 The state that owns the land. If the land is shared, it can be built first. 3 There will be a need to actively secure green space by purchasing or leasing 53 percent of private land. 4 The protected water first forms a forest or bottleneck, but due to the nature of the pocket park, even a single tree will be the subject of sufficient composition. Third, the conclusion of the facility related matters should first consider the installation of a guide plate, chair, table, crest, potter, toilet, root protection deck among rest facilities, sports facilities and management facilities. 2 In addition to the basic information transfer factor for protected water, supplemental installation of signboards containing myths and legends will be required. 3 The development or supplementation of devices for the presentation of receipts will be necessary. Fourth, the conclusion on matters related to vegetation is that 1 average recipient is 288 years, and the number of protected water with a high receipt is the preferred target. 2 After examining the conditions of the pressure response or the rate of high death of the branches, it can be created for protected water with a moderate or higher raw meat condition. 3 The installation, dermis, and superfruits of shielding fences around the protected water may be properly mixed and stocked. 4 Protective water in itself exerts sufficient Amenity function in the area, so do not place too many facilities in the space. There should be sufficient awareness among ordinary citizens or local people about the creation of parks using these protected water, and there should be a policydriven device or system.
    Keyword:Green Area, Rural Types, Environmental Problems, Green Area, Vegetation


SUBMISSION 5/10 11/10
REVIEW 5/20 11/20
ACCEPTED 5/25 11/25
PUBLISHED 6/30 12/30



Lee Ju-lak

Chungang University, South Korea.
[Curriculum Vitae]

Vice President

Woo Jae-yong Nagano University, Japan
Yeom Gun-woong U1 University, South Korea

Editor in Chief

Kwak Dae-hun

Chungnam National University, South Korea
[Curriculum Vitae]


Kim Eun-jung General Affairs Yongin University, South Korea
Back Sin-chul Research University of Scranton, USA
Sadhika Soor Intelligence Florida International University, USA
Kim Dae-woon Management Griffith University, Australia
LaPrade Jennifer Planning University of Texas, USA
loannis Tellidis International Kyunghee University, South Korea

Editor in Director

Nam Jae-sung

Halla University, South Korea
[Curriculum Vitae]

Yun Woo-suk

Keimyung University, South Korea
[Curriculum Vitae]

Editor in Administrator

Jung Kyeong-joo Ohio State University, USA
Nam Keum-hee Kosin University, South Korea
Yong-ai Zhang Xi’an Medical University, China
Kang Ki-noh Masan University, South Korea
Song Ju-young Penn State University, USA
Kim Seong-gyu Hankuk University of Foreign Studies, South Korea
Park Woong-shin Central Police Academy, South Korea
Kim Dae-won Sungkyunkwan University, South Korea
Kang Wu-ye Korea Maritime and Ocean University, South Korea
Kim Kyung-chan Korean Institute of Criminology, South Korea
Kim Hyoung-ku Hanyang University, South Korea
Lee Chang-bae Dongguk University, South Korea
Han Jin-tea Dongguk University, South Korea


2015 JUN. 30 International Society for Protective Security Established by Dr. Kim Tae-min
DEC. 05 Inaugural General Meeting
2016 FEB. 05 International Journal of Protection, Security & Investigation (ISSN 2423-8368)
JUN. 30 First Journal Publication (378 Tenjinchou Kamimaruko Nakaharaku Kawasakishi Kangawhken Japan)
OCT. 11 Digital Object Identifier (DOI)
Google Scholar
2018 JUN. 30 Move Permissions Administrator Dr. Jo Sung-gu
2019 APR. 08 Journal Title Suggestion Scopus
APR. 30 I2OR
MAY. 07 ProQuest
JUN. 30 Journal Publication Change Address (2-20-7 Arakawa Arakawaku Tokyo Japan)