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Exploring the Experience of Job CONVERGENCE Change in the Beauty and Health Industry Using Grounded Theory

Vol.5 (No.2) 2020
Author
admin
Date
2020-12-30 12:42
Views
39

Abstract


Purpose: Currently, the beauty/health industry is playing a public role in implementing changes in various consumer markets. In this central role, there are workers who work in the beauty/health industry, and they play the role of mediators seeking health and beauty. Therefore, this study attempts to verify the experience of workers according to the change in the occupational field of the beauty/health industry with a grounded theory, and investigate a strategy for responding to future occupations.
Method: In the selection of research participants in this study, a sample was extracted by adopting purposeful sampling, snowball sampling, which is one of the non‐probability of artificially sampling the subjects who can contribute to the development of the theory of the research. The research procedure went through five steps: selection of research questions, selection of research participants and data collection, analysis of data, interpretation of data, and report of research results. A theoretical sample was extracted through the procedures of open coding, axial coding, and selective coding to find key categories and classify them by type.
Results: In the process of naming concepts and confirming the attributes and dimensions of categories through continuous questioning and comparative analysis based on data obtained from participants, 95 concepts, 37 subcategories, and 21 categories were identified. Accordingly, with regard to the attitude of acceptance and the search for change, there are four types in classification such as ‘innovators' who are active in change, the ‘early majority' who pursues economic benefits first, and the ‘late majority’ who do not ignore the innovation itself but join late, and ‘laggards', which ignore change or innovation itself.
Conclusion: In terms of job acceptance attitude, there are diverse variables such as job satisfaction, career attitude, and acceptance intention. In this study, it was confirmed that participants' attitudes toward change in occupational field of beauty/health industry can be expressed in various ways. Through the results of this study, it is meaningful that this study may present basic information on strategies and methods to cope with changes of the beauty/health industry in the future.

Keyword:Experience, Job Convergence, Beauty, Health Industry, Grounded Theory
  • Purpose: The present research attempted to find whether there was any relevance between integrative play therapeutic counseling programs and the lessening of depression among the elderly who had experienced a sexually inequal society, and whether the experiment group which took part had different results from that which did not take part. Method: The research targeted the 24 elderly people over 63 years of age and divided them into an experiment group of 11 and a control group of 13. The program happened 12 times in 90 minute intervals. The data was handled with the SPSS 18.0 program and was analysed using the covariance method with the prior score for depression serving as the covariate. After the program was done, 2 of the experiment group members were used for personal case studies. Results: First, the experiment group which took part in the therapeutic program displayed a meaningful decrease in the depression level while the control group which did not take part had no meaningful changes. Second, in the personal case study it was found that the present program is effective in lessening depression. Conclusion: First, the cognitive distortion and self management skills were expounded upon, which led to the decrease in depression level. Second, it was found that they were mostly professional retirees and the well educated who had teaching occupations. Third, the figure play with family symbols was shown to be a desirable activity in determining the understanding of self and the dynamics between family members. Fifth, at the end of each interval the elders shared empathy and support for each other and repeatedly cried “Let’s put our best foot forward now and today”. Sixth, in the activity in which a distorted cognitive structure was reformed, the messages of comfort and reinforcement also affected the outcome. Seventh, the present program has the effect of decreasing the depression level of the elderly, and may provide preliminary data in developing a program on depression of the elderly in the future.
    Keyword:Elderly, Depression, Integrative Play Therapeutic Program, Counseling, Program
  • Purpose: As consumers' interest in skin beauty has increased recently, the market size of the skin beauty care business also shows a rapid growth. According to these social demands, the base of the population using skin beauty salons is expanding, and the beauty industry is also rapidly actively using Naturopathy. Therefore, this study conducted an analysis of the perception and utilization satisfaction of naturopathy perceived by skin beauty industry workers. Method: In this study, 246 subjects were sampled by the convenience and judgmental sampling among the non-probability sampling methods. The analysis of the data was carried out by multiple regression analysis to understand the relationship between the perception of naturopathy and the satisfaction of use of the skin beauty industry workers. The statistical level was verified at the p<.05 level. Results: In multiple regression analysis conducted to investigate the relationship between perception and satisfaction on naturopathy, regression models were all statistically significant in social satisfaction, educational satisfaction, physical satisfaction, psychological satisfaction, and rest satisfaction. educational perception had a great influence on social satisfaction, and it was found that in educational satisfaction, the higher the educational perception, the higher the influence, in physical satisfaction, the higher the educational perception, the higher the influence, and in the result of psychological satisfaction analysis, the higher the educational perception, the higher the influence. Conclusion: Naturopathy is a way to achieve health intervention through the enhancement of the body's natural healing force without the use of surgery or chemotherapy to restore the human body's insufficient function. Therefore, In the skin beauty industry as well, along with beauty management, naturopathy is used to improve customer satisfaction and services, and it is a point in time that its utilization as a new field of the skin beauty industry is attracting attention. The results of this study inform us that the perception of natural healing perceived by the skin beauty industry workers and their utilization are positively changing according to the changing circumstances of the times.
    Keyword:Skin Beauty Industry Workers, Naturopathy, Convergence, Perception , Satisfaction, Health Intervention
  • Purpose: Currently, the beauty/health industry is playing a public role in implementing changes in various consumer markets. In this central role, there are workers who work in the beauty/health industry, and they play the role of mediators seeking health and beauty. Therefore, this study attempts to verify the experience of workers according to the change in the occupational field of the beauty/health industry with a grounded theory, and investigate a strategy for responding to future occupations. Method: In the selection of research participants in this study, a sample was extracted by adopting purposeful sampling, snowball sampling, which is one of the non‐probability of artificially sampling the subjects who can contribute to the development of the theory of the research. The research procedure went through five steps: selection of research questions, selection of research participants and data collection, analysis of data, interpretation of data, and report of research results. A theoretical sample was extracted through the procedures of open coding, axial coding, and selective coding to find key categories and classify them by type. Results: In the process of naming concepts and confirming the attributes and dimensions of categories through continuous questioning and comparative analysis based on data obtained from participants, 95 concepts, 37 subcategories, and 21 categories were identified. Accordingly, with regard to the attitude of acceptance and the search for change, there are four types in classification such as ‘innovators' who are active in change, the ‘early majority' who pursues economic benefits first, and the ‘late majority’ who do not ignore the innovation itself but join late, and ‘laggards', which ignore change or innovation itself. Conclusion: In terms of job acceptance attitude, there are diverse variables such as job satisfaction, career attitude, and acceptance intention. In this study, it was confirmed that participants' attitudes toward change in occupational field of beauty/health industry can be expressed in various ways. Through the results of this study, it is meaningful that this study may present basic information on strategies and methods to cope with changes of the beauty/health industry in the future.
    Keyword:Experience, Job Convergence, Beauty, Health Industry, Grounded Theory
  • Purpose: This study is a descriptive research study to investigate the effect of convergence evaluation method of fundamental nursing practice education using peer and faculty evaluation on learning attitude, self-leadership and academic self-efficacy of nursing students. Method: The Data was collected from 100 nursing students from April 18, 2019 to June 14, 2019. A total of 94 questionnaires were analyzed using descriptive statistics, t-test, a one way ANOVA, Pearson correlation coefficient, multiple linear regression with stepwise method. Results: The result of the learning attitude was average point 3.73, self-leadership was 3.82, and academic self-efficacy was 3.35. Learning attitude was positively correlated with self leadership and academic self-efficacy, self leadership was positively correlated with academic self-efficacy. The factors affecting learning attitude was self leadership, academic self-efficacy. The evaluation method of fundamental nursing practice education affected the learning attitude, self-leadership and academic self-efficacy of nursing students, explanatory was 45%. Conclusion: The fundamental nursing practice convergence evaluation method using faculty and peer evaluation was found to correlate with and affect learning attitude, self-leadership, and academic self-efficacy. Therefore, Various teaching and learning strategies will be needed to improve skills by identifying nursing students.
    Keyword:Attitude, Education, Leadership, Nursing, Efficacy
  • Purpose: This study was carried out to evaluate the protective effects of Hypsizygus marmoreus extract against sodium dodecyl sulfate-induced atopic dermatitis-like skin lesions in vivo. Methods: Six-week-old NC/Nga mice were divided into a control group(Ctrl), atopic dermatitis induction group(ADIG), and H. marmoreus extract feeding group after atopic dermatitis induction(HTFG). After 3 weeks, cannabinoid receptors type 1(CB1) and type 2(CB2), and the orphan G protein-coupled receptor 55(GPR55) levels were observed to verify the modulation of the endocannabinoid system activity, whereas filaggrin and kallikrein-related peptidase(KLK) 7 expression in the stratum corneum and protease activated receptor(PAR)-2 expression in the interstitial space of epithelial tissue were observed to verify the inhibition of inflammation. Furthermore, phosphorylated extracellular signal-related kinase(p-ERK), phosphorylated mammalian target of rapamycin(p-mTOR), and E-cadherin levels were studied to verify microenvironmental regulation. Results: Expression of CB1, CB2, and GPR55 was significantly increased in HTFG as compared to that in ADIG. The positive reaction of filaggrin in the stratum corneum was significantly higher in HTFG than in ADIG. KLK7 and PAR-2 positivity in HTFG were significantly reduced as compared to those in ADIG. The p-ERK-positive and p-mTOR-positive reactions in HTFG were significantly reduced as compared to those in ADIG. Conclusion: H. marmoreus extract has a beneficial effect on the epithelium barrier function and can inhibit the progression of atopic dermatitis.
    Keyword:Hypsizygus Marmoreus, Atopic Dermatitis, Endocrine System, Filaggrin, Lipid Barrier
  • Purpose: The study was conducted to verify the differences in sports imagery ability among high school students/taekwondo breading athletes participating in taekwondo breaking competitions across the country. In order to achieve the purpose of this research, 230 high school students/taekwondo breaking athletes who had participated in national-level taekwondo breaking competitions were surveyed and the collected data were analyzed. The conclusions of the analysis are as follows. Method: The study surveyed 230 high school taekwondo breaking athletes who participated in nationwide taekwondo breaking competitions. The survey was conducted online due to COVID-19. The collected data were analyzed using SPSS 26.0. Frequency analysis was conducted to identify the general characteristics of the study participants. T-test and one-way ANOVA were conducted to find out what the differences were in sports imagery ability among high school taekwondo breaking athletes. The significance level of all the statistics is set to .05. Result: First, as a result of verifying the differences in sports imagery ability according to the gender of high school breaking athletes who participated in taekwondo breaking competitions, statistically significant differences were found in the goal imagery factor. Second, as a result of verifying the differences in sports imagery ability according to the school year of high school breaking athletes who participated in taekwondo breaking competitions, statistically significant differences were found in the strategic imagery factor. Third, as a result of analyzing the differences in sports imagery ability according to the experience of demonstration training of high school breaking athletes who participated in taekwondo breaking competitions, statistically significant differences were found in the strategic imagery factor. Fourth, as a result of analyzing the differences in sports imagery ability according to the number of participation in breaking competitions of high school breaking athletes who participated in taekwondo breaking competitions, statistically significant differences were found in the strategic imagery factor and goal imagery factor. Fifth, as a result of analyzing the differences in sports imagery ability according to the experience of winning in competitions of high school breaking athletes who participated in taekwondo breaking competitions, statistically significant differences were found in the strategic imagery factor and goal imagery factor. Conclusion: As a result of analyzing the differences in sports psychological abilities of high school athletes who participated in the taekwondo competition, there was a statistically significant difference.
    Keyword:Taekwondo, Technical Breaking, Sports Imagery Ability, High School Student, Breaking Competition
  • Purpose: This study was conducted to present differences, problems, and improvement measures by investigating and comparing the operation status of public and private vegetable gardens operated communal gardens by the initiating entity. Method: This study collected data from prior studies, literature, media, interview with public officials, garden managers, and users, and on-site survey and conducted variance analysis, frequency analysis, and cross analysis. Results: The study found that urban vegetable garden users are mostly men, married couples, and families, and people aged between 40s and 70s. People with higher educational background tended to use them more, and the occupation of the users included employees of commercial businesses, the self-employed, and housewives. In the public-private comparison of the management and operation, allowing and using vinyl mulching was found to be a problem. In the public-private comparison of environment and facilities, it was found that the environment was similar, but the facilities were different from each other in the private sector. In comparing users' perception, the public sector preferred the operation by local governments, while the private sector preferred the joint operation of the public and private sectors. The preferred area for sale was 17 to 33 square meters, and the inconvenient facilities were the toilets of the private sector. The activity satisfaction comparison showed that the effect of the use of urban gardens fields included being helpful for the production and sharing of safe agricultural products, health, and exercise, and helpful for mental health and providing exercise effects in terms of the health satisfaction. Conclusion: To sum up, urban agriculture is believed to spread the pluralistic value of agriculture, improve the urban environment, and help urban residents to utilize their leisure time and improve the quality of life.
    Keyword:Vegetable Gardens, Communal, Private, Operation, Ordinance
  • Purpose: This study analyzed 198 middle and high school and college judo players in Daegu and Gyeongbuk Province as of 2020 for the connection between their experience of winning a competition and being selected as a representative player. Method: Using the SPSS 23.0 program, this study conducted a frequency analysis to identify the general characteristics of the study subjects and calculated Cronbach's α coefficient to verify the reliability of the questionnaire. Chi-Square was conducted to find out the connection between the experience of winning a competition and being selected as a representative player. Results: The study found that men had more experience of being selected as a representative player than women and that they had more experience of winning a competition as the school year advanced. In addition, as the school year advances, the experience of being selected as a representative player increases, and the longer the player's career, the more the experience of winning a competition. The longer the player's career, the more the experience of being selected as a representative player, and the more the experience of being selected as a representative player if one has the experience of winning a competition. Conclusion: The results confirmed through this study believed to be fully utilized as basic data for training plans and management for judo players to improve their performance, but due to the limited number of study subjects, differences in the level of participating players, region, gender, and career, it is considered to be somewhat difficult to generalize the results of this study.
    Keyword:Self-Protection Sport, Middle School, High School, College, Judo Players
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study is to discuss what structural type of policy network, that is, inter-organizational relations, is effective for overcoming health crisis such as coronavirus outbreak and a pandemic. Assuming that Korea has been relatively successful in protecting the spread of infection, we attempt to select two main Korean cases and compare the structural characteristics, such as centrality of policy networks for those cases. Method: It defines the scope of the network to major decision-making agencies, resource mobilization agencies, and other supporting agencies that officially participate in achieving the policy goals, and analyzes the urgency and importance of the policy goals, the public-good nature of policy, leading forces and authority, participants and their activities, etc. with qualitative data released by various experts and organizations including the government. Results: In the corona response system, the policy goal is very urgent and important, so the government is in charge of it, and the network has been highly concentrated around disease control and prevention institutions that have specialized expertise while destroying the ranks. In the treatment and vaccine development support system, reduced concentration characterizes public-private partnerships, where the private sector wants to actively participate due to the enormous opportunity to generate profits, while the private sector wants active leadership from the government due to the high risk of market failure. Conclusion: Korea's successful prevention of corona damage came from the role of the government, which effectively utilizes IT technology and medical resources and promotes public trust, leading to citizen participation. However, the symbolism of “the big government is back” is implied behind it. Now, at the time when the “big government” is about to return, it will not only expand the size and budget of the government as in the past, but will expand its character as a surveillance state and a health crisis state.
    Keyword:COVID-19, Policy Network, Korean Government, Pandemic, Coronavirus
  • Purpose: To identify the changes in plants before, during, and after the wind farm construction in Mt. Hyeonjong, we investigated the number of plant species. And we studied the main characteristics of the distribution status in plants' family composition, plant life form analysis, Korean endemic plant, rare plant, specific plants by phytogeography, naturalized plant, and invasive alien plants. We compared this data to confirm the change before or after the wind farm construction. Method: We conducted the plants' form research 16times in five years. Before the wind farm construction(2014 and 2015), during the wind farm construction(2017 and 2018), and after the wind farm construction(2019). Plants' changes were analyzed based on the results obtained through field trips. According to the national standard plant list, we listed plant names and scientific names(the Korea national arboretum & the plant taxonomic society of Korea 2015). We arranged the classification groups according to the Engler system. Based on the created plants' list, the Korean endemic plant, rare plant, specific plants by phytogeography, naturalized plant, and invasive alien plants were extracted and analyzed. Results: The vascular plants decreased compared to before wind farm construction. Compositae was the most common category in plants' family composition. Korean endemic plants decreased from 3 species before the construction to 2 species after the construction. Rare plants were investigated 4 species of Vulnerable species(VU) and 2 species of Least Concerned species(LC). Specific plants by phytogeography were surveyed the same as a total of 13 species. Naturalized plants decreased from 33 species to 20 species and 26 species. Then, they increased again. Conclusion: As a result of this study, the total plant species, Korean endemic plant, and rare plant growing were reduced in the wind farm section in Mt. Hyeonjong. However, many Naturalized plants and 1 and 2 years old herbage appeared in the area. So we found out that ecological stability was not yet stable, and the disturbance was continuing. In this study, the investigation period after wind farm construction is one year, which is a short time to observe and analyze plants' succession
    Keyword:Mt. Hyeonjong, Vascular Plants, Endemic Plants, Rare Plants, Naturalized Plants