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  • The literature reviews have been made to understand the impact of the knowledge management in the ad-vancement of nurse organization in this study. Disaster indicates loss of human lives or property due to natural causes such as weather or man-made acci-dents (Wikipedia), and the number and damage scale of disaster is increasing in the modern society. Along with earthquake, flood, storm and other natural disasters, the man-made disaster due to the development of human-ity civilization are largely increasing, and the complicated disaster due to both human and nature is frequently occurring. Knowledge management is a series of organization activities to create typical common knowledge considering the information, technology, knowhow, and so on of the organization members as the collective knowledge, to organize the culture of sharing the created knowledge with the organization members or organizations, and to facilitate the interactions. Knowledge management in the nurse organization is to provide with the best nursing services by facilitating the acquisition, creation, sharing, and utilization of the nursing knowledge. Nurse intellectual has been defined as the nurse who enhances the added values by seamless improvement, development, and innovation on his or her nursing job in the clinical practices, transmits and shares the new created knowledge based on the nursing experiences with nursing unit like ward or the other nurses in Nursing Department to maximize the productivity not only of the nursing department but also the whole hospital. To improve the nursing practice capability by knowledge management, it is important to understand that knowledge is the base of qualitative nursing, to confirm what the core knowledge on nursing job is, and to learn job related topics continuously. In addition, it is required to help job practices and career development by the activations of nursing education programs, and to conduct the motivation policies for the individuals by active supports for the learning employees. The core components of knowledge management are correlated with nurs-ing practice capabilities, therefore, it is important for the top leader in the hospital nursing to establish the knowledge management strategy and to seek its supports and utilizations to the practices. Accordingly, there is a need for nursing education program about promotion and disaster nursing that can cope with disaster with specific measures. Also, the tool based on disaster nursing capability should be developed to objectively evaluate the knowledge and technology provided to patients from disaster.
    Keyword:Security, Knowledge Management, Nurse, Hospital, Nurse Organization
  • Currently, most apartments hire security guards to prevent crimes and outside intrusions and with ever rising expectation and demand not only for individual security but also for efficiency and satisfaction with living services and conveniences, residents' demands toward the apartment security guards are also multiplying. Thus, as they perform delivery and safekeeping of door-to-door express service and mails, notification of information on apart-ment complex, removal of snow and preventing flood, drainage work, etc. other than crime prevention and order maintenance activities, they have special characteristics different from those of general security guards or inter-mittent workers. Thus, with the change of social environment, it is expected that apartment security guards' emotional labor will be on steady increase and thus, basic studies are required to prepare policies to ameliorate its side effects. Therefore, this study aims to grasp the reality of apartment security guards' emotional labor, elucidate its effect on job satisfaction, organizational commitment, turnover intention and, based on study results, to suggest ways and policy implications to reduce harm and damage from apartment security guards' emotional labor and man-age it effectively. In order to explore the effect of apartment security guards' emotional labor on organizational effectiveness, this study analyzed first, the difference between emotional labor and organizational effectiveness based on de-mographic characteristics and second, the relationship between emotional labor and organizational effective-ness(job satisfaction, organizational commitment and turnover intention). First, as the result of analysis on the difference between emotional labor and organizational effectiveness based on demographic characteristics, there were significant differences in deep acting and job satisfaction de-pending on monthly income. Due to characteristics of apartment security guards' job which requires both their original security work and treatment of residents' complaints, they have trouble focusing on their work as their rest periods are not even kept. Since high turnover rate from low wage, excessive work, job stress and burnout not only causes temporal and economic loss but also lowers individual and corporate performance, it is necessary to take proactive actions for insecure work environment in the long term focusing on balanced achievement of goals. Second, as the result of analysis on the effect of apartment security guards' emotional labor on organizational effectiveness, surface acting of emotional labor had negative(-) effect on job satisfaction and organizational commitment, which are sub-factors of organizational effectiveness, and had positive(+) effect on turnover inten-tion. On the other hand, deep acting of emotional labor had positive(+) effect on job satisfaction and organi-zational commitment, which are sub-factors of organizational effectiveness, and had negative(-) effect on turn-over intention. Results of the study imply that prevention and management of emotional labor is required on organizational level so that damages by emotional labor can be prevented in the process of apartment security guards' job performance. In addition, it is necessary to enact laws to compensate emotional labor, to improve poor labor conditions and treatment and to prepare work manuals and punishment regulations on customer wrongdoings.
    Keyword:Security, Private Security, Emotional Labor, Organizational Effectiveness, Republic of Korea
  • Korea has seen a constant increase in highly sophisticated, intelligent, and advanced industrial spying crimes, such as leakage of state-of-art technologies, infringement upon intellectual properties, etc., as industrial tech-nology competitiveness is strengthening. State-led control is being pushed forward at policy level to prevent such industrial spying crimes. For that, legal grounds need to be clarified for authority, mechanism, and obligations of competent government ministries as the leader of industrial security protection at national level. Currently, laws have already been enacted to control industrial technology leakage, infringement of business secret and others in Korea. This study was intended to examine trends of regulatory legislation related to industrial security, such as leak-age of industrial technologies and infringement upon business secrets, in Korea and to discuss implications asso-ciated with industrial security policies and system nationwide by identifying characteristics of regulatory legisla-tion on industrial security. In Korea, regulatory laws pertaining to industrial security is legalized with separate laws such as ‘Act on Pre-vention of Leakage and Protection of Industrial Technology’, ‘Act on Prevention of Unfair Competition and Pro-tection of Business Secret’, ‘Act on Protection of Small Medium Company’s Technology, etc. Thus, applicable laws may vary, depending on cases. Moreover, laws need to be applied based on individual statutes under the status of special laws and interpretation needed to be made in consideration of complementary application of statutes as general laws. Regulatory legislation on industrial security in Korea involves appointment of concerned management and supervision organizations, along with clarification of responsibilities of state and government for industrial secu-rity despite different entities covered by individual laws. Private corporate business secrets, as well as nation’s key technologies, are protected, controlled, and supported under the leadership of state. Industrial security system in Korea emphasizes punishment for leakage and infringement which are compo-nents of specific crimes, with management and supervision from the standpoint of ex post facto response to leakage of technologies and infringement upon secrets based on government policies. However, it is more im-portant to create an environment conducive to prevention of such leakage and infringement in the realm of private sector, particularly for small and medium companies. That calls for specialization related to industrial security mechanism. Therefore, it should be considered to develop professional manpower with concerned expertise and imple-mentation capabilities and to introduce national certification system necessary for increasing related public con-fidence.
    Keyword:Security, Risk Management, Industrial Security, Private Security, Regulatory Legislation
  • Private security industry is a promising industry of the 21st century to overcome limitation of public police and implement the ideology of efficient government. Above all, government’s legal and institutional support and interest are indispensable to help private security take root as the best security service industry promoting safety of the public. To keep pace with development of private security industry, legal ground has been laid for private security business in Korea with enactment of Security Services Industry Act. In this context, this study was intended to examine major aspects of Security Business Act and private security system, the positive legal basis for private security, and present development measures to highlight purpose of promoting ‘benefits and protection of law’ for the public as the subject of security service, along with the measures to mitigate inadequacy of current private security in Korea. To pursue public benefits of crime prevention based on publicness of private security, the role of private secu-rity is inevitable. For that, measures that can ensure strong public confidence should be explored. In other words, the quality of private security, which forms an axis of collaborative security as co-producer of security service comparable to that of the police, should be improved to accommodate the demand of citizens, and furthermore, institutional improvement measures should be mapped out for autonomous implementation. For that, qualification system should be enforced for members, along with certification system for security business. Moreover, management assessment should be carried out first to assure fairness of government sup-port. Unit price adjustment and resultant labor cost-cutting based on market principle may hinder provision of high quality security service. To resolve such problems, government support is needed desperately. Future amendment of Security Business Act should be made in such a way that security business works are specified clearly, so that duties and authority of security personnel can be regulated specifically. Through that, publicness needs to be strengthened further. In addition, discussion on enactment of regulations is needed to seek harmony between publicness and cor-porate characteristics, along with independence of private security as subject providing collaborative security service.
    Keyword:Security, Republic of Korea, Private Security System, Security Business Act, Regulatory Legislation